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High-harmonic generation (HHG) traditionally combines ~100 near-infrared laser photons to generate bright, phase-matched, extreme ultraviolet beams when the emission from many atoms adds constructively. Here, we show that by guiding a mid-infrared femtosecond laser in a high-pressure gas, ultrahigh harmonics can be generated, up to orders greater than 5000,(More)
We demonstrate fully phase-matched high harmonic emission spanning the water window spectral region important for nano- and bioimaging and a breadth of materials and molecular dynamics studies. We also generate the broadest bright coherent bandwidth (≈300  eV) to date from any light source, small or large, that is consistent with a single subfemtosecond(More)
Circularly-polarized extreme ultraviolet and X-ray radiation is useful for analysing the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of materials. To date, such radiation has only been available at large-scale X-ray facilities such as synchrotrons. Here, we demonstrate the first bright, phase-matched, extreme ultraviolet circularly-polarized high(More)
High-harmonic generation is a universal response of matter to strong femtosecond laser fields, coherently upconverting light to much shorter wavelengths. Optimizing the conversion of laser light into soft x-rays typically demands a trade-off between two competing factors. Because of reduced quantum diffusion of the radiating electron wave function, the(More)
We model soft x-ray high harmonic generation and propagation driven by mid-infrared lasers. We find that multi-cycle laser pulses are ideal for generating shorter bright isolated attosecond pulses via time-gated phase-matching in high-density extended media.
We present a semi-classical study of the effects of the Lorentz force on electrons during high harmonic generation in the soft and hard X-ray regions driven by near- and mid-infrared lasers with wavelengths from 0.8 to 20 μm, and at intensities below 10<sup>15</sup> W/cm<sup>2</sup>. The transverse extent of the longitudinal Lorentz drift is compared for(More)
PPMgSLT is used for mode-locking of a diode-pumped Nd:GdVO<inf>4</inf> laser by intracavity SHG. Stable and self-starting operation is observed achieving output powers of up to 4.7 W and pulse durations as short as 3.2 ps.