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BACKGROUND Some copy-number variants are associated with genomic disorders with extreme phenotypic heterogeneity. The cause of this variation is unknown, which presents challenges in genetic diagnosis, counseling, and management. METHODS We analyzed the genomes of 2312 children known to carry a copy-number variant associated with intellectual disability(More)
Deletions at 2p16.3 involving exons of NRXN1 are associated with susceptibility for autism and schizophrenia, and similar deletions have been identified in individuals with developmental delay and dysmorphic features. We have identified 34 probands with exonic NRXN1 deletions following referral for clinical microarray-based comparative genomic(More)
OBJECTIVE To clinically characterize and map the gene locus in a three-generation family with an X-linked adult-onset distal hereditary motor neuropathy. METHODS Microsatellite markers spanning the juvenile distal spinal muscular atrophy (DSMAX) locus were genotyped and analyzed using genetic linkage analysis. The promoter, untranslated and coding region(More)
PURPOSE Diagnostic exome sequencing was immediately successful in diagnosing patients in whom traditional technologies were uninformative. Herein, we provide the results from the first 500 probands referred to a clinical laboratory for diagnostic exome sequencing. METHODS Family-based exome sequencing included whole-exome sequencing followed by family(More)
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is caused by heterogeneous pathologies leading to multiple antenatal joint contractures through fetal akinesia. Understanding the pathophysiology of this disorder is important for clinical care of the affected individuals and genetic counseling of the families. We thus aimed to establish the genetic basis of an AMC(More)
Complex neurologic phenotypes are inherently difficult to diagnose. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) is a new tool in the neurologist's diagnostic armamentarium. Whole-exome sequencing can be applied to investigate the "diagnostic odyssey" cases. These cases involve patients with rare diseases that likely have a genetic etiology but have failed to be diagnosed(More)
Small genomic rearrangements and copy-number variations (CNVs) involving a single gene have been associated recently with many neurocognitive phenotypes, including intellectual disability (ID), behavioral abnormalities, and autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs). Such small CNVs in the Autism susceptibility candidate 2 (AUTS2) gene have been shown to be(More)
Microdeletions of 1q41q42 have recently been classified as a syndrome. Features include significant developmental delay and characteristic dysmorphic features as well as cleft palate, clubfeet, seizures, and short stature in some individuals, with a clinical diagnosis of Fryns syndrome in two individuals with congenital diaphragmatic hernia at the severe(More)
PURPOSE Diagnostic exome sequencing (DES) is now a commonly ordered test for individuals with undiagnosed genetic disorders. In addition to providing a diagnosis for characterized diseases, exome sequencing has the capacity to uncover novel candidate genes for disease. METHODS Family-based DES included analysis of both characterized and novel genetic(More)