Diletta Laccabue

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PURPOSE The anti-HER-2/neu monoclonal antibody trastuzumab has been shown to engage both activatory (fragment C receptor [Fc gamma R]IIIa; Fc gamma RIIa) and inhibitory (Fc gamma RIIb) antibody receptors and Fc gamma R polymorphisms have been identified that may affect the antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) of natural-killer(More)
Dysfunctional CD8+ T cells present in chronic virus infections can express programmed death 1 (PD-1) molecules, and the inhibition of the engagement of PD-1 with its ligand (PD-L1) has been reported to enhance the antiviral function of these T cells. We took advantage of the wide fluctuations in levels of viremia which are typical of chronic hepatitis B(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS In patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, persistent exposure to high concentrations of antigen can disrupt T-cell functions. It is not clear to what extent long-term suppression of HBV by nucleos(t)ide analogues can restore antiviral T-cell functions. We compared HBV-specific T-cell responses of patients treated with(More)
Herpesviruses infect most humans. Their infections can be associated with pathological conditions and significant changes in T cell repertoire but evidences of symbiotic effects of herpesvirus latency have never been demonstrated. We tested the hypothesis that HCMV and EBV-specific CD8 T cells contribute to the heterologous anti-viral immune response.(More)
PURPOSE Antineoplastic drugs belonging to platinum or taxane families are severely neurotoxic, inducing the onset of disabling peripheral neuropathies with different clinical signs. Acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) is a natural occurring compound with a neuroprotective activity in several experimental paradigms. In this study we have tested the hypothesis that ALC(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS During viral infection, the activities of virus-specific CD8(+) T cells are carefully regulated to prevent severe damage of the infected organs. We investigated the mechanisms that control the functions of activated T cells. METHODS We measured the size of the population of activated and proliferating CD8(+) T cells and the functional(More)
BACKGROUND The RET proto-oncogene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase. RET oncogenes arise through sporadic and inherited gene mutations and are involved in the etiopathogenesis of medullary thyroid carcinoma, a cancer that responds poorly to conventional chemotherapy. Medullary thyroid carcinoma is a component of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 or MEN2(More)
13090 Background: A potential mechanism of action of the humanized anti-HER-2/neu monoclonal antibody Trastuzumab involves antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) with the activation of immune effector cells via their immunoglobulin G fragment C receptors (FcγRs). Trastuzumab has been shown to engage both activation (FcγRIIIa; FcγRIIa) and(More)
Filler materials for medical use present limits, such as the induction of chronic inflammation and fibrosis. In the search for synthetic materials with improved biocompatible properties, a new polyacrylamide hydrogel, Aquamid (Contura SA, Montreux, Switzerland), has been investigated in preclinical systems. In cell cultures (endothelial cells and(More)
BACKGROUND The development of effective chemotherapy for central nervous system tumors is hampered by the blood-brain barrier and by limited drug diffusion in the brain tissue. BAY 59-8862 is a new taxane analog that was selected and developed for its activity against tumors with a P-glycoprotein-mediated, multidrug-resistant phenotype. Because(More)