Learn More
IMPORTANCE Human infections with avian influenza A/H7N9 have resulted in high morbidity and mortality in China. OBJECTIVE To compare safety and immunogenicity of different doses of influenza A/Shanghai/2/13 (H7N9) vaccine mixed with or without the MF59 adjuvant. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Multicenter, randomized, double-blind, phase 2 trial at 4(More)
We report for the first time low-level quinolone resistance mediated by decreased expression of topoisomerase IV in Staphylococcus aureus. A single-step mutant of wild-type S. aureus strain ISP794, P18 selected by using twice the MIC of premafloxacin, had four- and four- to eightfold greater MICs of premafloxacin and ciprofloxacin, respectively, than the(More)
Premafloxacin is a novel 8-methoxy fluoroquinolone with enhanced activity against Staphylococcus aureus. We found premafloxacin to be 32-fold more active than ciprofloxacin against wild-type S. aureus. Single mutations in either subunit of topoisomerase IV caused a four- to eightfold increase in the MICs of both quinolones. A double mutation (gyrA and(More)
Gatifloxacin, an 8-methoxyfluoroquinolone, was found to be two- to fourfold more active against wild-type Staphylococcus aureus ISP794 than its desmethoxy derivative, AM-1121, and ciprofloxacin, another desmethoxy fluoroquinolone. Single grlBA mutations caused two- to fourfold increases in the MIC of gatifloxacin, and a single gyrase mutation was silent.(More)
UNLABELLED The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa utilizes an injectisome-type III secretion system (injectisome-T3SS) to elicit cytotoxicity toward epithelial cells and macrophages. Macrophage killing results from the cytotoxic properties of the translocated effector proteins (ExoS, ExoT, ExoU, and ExoY) and inflammasome-mediated induction of(More)
We determined the target enzyme interactions of garenoxacin (BMS-284756, T-3811ME), a novel desfluoroquinolone, in Staphylococcus aureus by genetic and biochemical studies. We found garenoxacin to be four- to eightfold more active than ciprofloxacin against wild-type S. aureus. A single topoisomerase IV or gyrase mutation caused only a 2- to 4-fold increase(More)
Moxifloxacin has enhanced potency against Staphylococcus aureus, lower propensity to select for resistant mutants, and higher bactericidal activity against highly resistant strains than ciprofloxacin. Despite similar activity against purified S. aureus topoisomerase IV and DNA gyrase, it selects for topoisomerase IV mutants, making topoisomerase IV the(More)
After generalized or partial seizures, transient lesions may appear on magnetic resonance (MR) images. The mechanisms of MR changes might be a defect in cerebral autoregulation and blood-brain permeability. We report a patient with partial and secondary generalized tonic-clonic seizures. After her first seizure which was generalized tonic-clonic in nature,(More)
Gemifloxacin, a novel quinolone with potent activity against Staphylococcus aureus, was 8- to 16-fold more active against wild-type S. aureus than ciprofloxacin. The two- to fourfold increase in the MIC of gemifloxacin in genetically defined grlBA mutants and the twofold increase in a single gyrA mutant, supported by the low frequency of selection of(More)
S. aureus bacteremia (SAB) is a common condition with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Current methods used to diagnose SAB take at least a day, and often longer. Patients with suspected bacteremia must therefore be empirically treated, often unnecessarily, while assay results are pending. In this proof-of-concept study, we describe an inexpensive(More)