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UNLABELLED Several phosphodiesterase inhibitors have been reported to possess antiischaemic properties by improving myocardial oxygen demand/supply balance. Levosimendan is a new phosphodiesterase inhibitor with calcium-sensitizing properties. We investigated the functional and antiischaemic properties of levosimendan in isolated electrically-driven rabbit(More)
1. The functional and anti-ischaemic effects of the phosphodiesterase (PDE)-inhibitors, amrinone, milrinone and levosimendan, a new agent combining PDE-inhibitory with calcium-sensitizing properties, were investigated in rabbit isolated hearts (Langendorff, constant pressure: 70 cmH2O, Tyrode solution, Ca2+ 1.8 mmol l-1, 37 degrees C). Anti-ischaemic(More)
1. The antiischemic properties of the flavonoids acetylvitexin-rhamnoside (AVR) and luteolin-7-glucoside-(LUT), combining phosphodiesterase (PDE)-inhibitory and antioxidant properties, were studied in comparison to amrinone (AMR) or superoxide dismutase (SOD). The effects of the new dihydropyridine-type calcium-agonist Bay T 5006 were studied in comparison(More)
1. The functional effects of the flavonoid luteolin-7-glucoside (LUT) were investigated in Langendorff-rabbit hearts perfused at constant pressure. Repetitive myocardial ischemia was induced by coronary artery ligature and quantified from NADH-fluorescence photography. 2. LUT significantly enhanced left ventricular pressure and the global and relative(More)
Hypoplasia of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is a rare congenital anomaly. Most of the patients are asymptomatic. When clinically symptomatic it presents as cerebral ischemia or hemorrhage. Carotid artery hypoplasia should not be confused with other conditions which may have a similar appearance such as arterial dissection, atherosclerosis, vasculitis(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of sonoelastography by using real-time strain ratio and qualitative 5-stage elasticity score in breast lesions for which ultrasonographic evaluation suggested malignancy (BI-RADS 4 and 5 lesions). MATERIALS AND METHODS From January 2012 to October 2012, 168 solid breast lesions(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of strain ratio elastography in the assessment of retrobulbar orbital fat tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS The retrobulbar fat tissue of 14 eyes in 14 participants was scanned by sonoelastography. All the participants had permanent vision loss secondary to glaucoma in at least one eye. The(More)
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