Dileep K. Pulukkunat

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Ribonuclease P (RNase P) is a ribonucleoprotein (RNP) enzyme that catalyzes the Mg(2+)-dependent 5' maturation of precursor tRNAs. In all domains of life, it is a ribozyme: the RNase P RNA (RPR) component has been demonstrated to be responsible for catalysis. However, the number of RNase P protein subunits (RPPs) varies from 1 in bacteria to 9 or 10 in(More)
RNase P, which catalyzes the magnesium-dependent 5'-end maturation of tRNAs in all three domains of life, is composed of one essential RNA and a varying number of protein subunits depending on the source: at least one in bacteria, four in archaea, and nine in eukarya. To address why multiple protein subunits are needed for archaeal/eukaryal RNase P(More)
Ribonuclease P (RNase P), a ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex required for tRNA maturation, comprises one essential RNA (RPR) and protein subunits (RPPs) numbering one in bacteria, and at least four in archaea and nine in eukarya. While the bacterial RPR is catalytically active in vitro, only select euryarchaeal and eukaryal RPRs are weakly active despite(More)
RNase P catalyzes the Mg(2)(+)-dependent 5'-maturation of precursor tRNAs. Biochemical studies on the bacterial holoenzyme, composed of one catalytic RNase P RNA (RPR) and one RNase P protein (RPP), have helped understand the pleiotropic roles (including substrate/Mg(2+) binding) by which a protein could facilitate RNA catalysis. As a model for uncovering(More)
Single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (smFRET) has emerged as a powerful tool for mechanistic investigations of increasingly complex biochemical systems. Recently, we and others have successfully used smFRET to directly investigate the role of structural dynamics in the function and regulation of the cellular protein synthesis machinery. A(More)
Metagenomics has been employed to systematically sequence, classify, analyze and manipulate the entire genetic material isolated from environmental samples. Finding genes within metagenomic sequences remains a formidable challenge, and noncoding RNA genes other than those encoding rRNA and tRNA are not well annotated in metagenomic projects. In this work,(More)
The optical confinement generated by metal-based nanoapertures fabricated on a silica substrate has recently enabled single-molecule fluorescence measurements to be performed at physiologically relevant background concentrations of fluorophore-labeled biomolecules. Nonspecific adsorption of fluorophore-labeled biomolecules to the metallic cladding and(More)
The objective of this investigation is to examine the potential for using plant ribonuclease P (RNase P) as a tool for cleaving target mRNAs and thereby disrupting gene expression in plants. RNase P is a ubiquitous ribonucleoprotein that is uniquely responsible for the 59 maturation of nearly sixty-odd precursor tRNAs (ptRNAs) in prokaryotes and eukaryotes(More)
As we trek into the uncharted territories of the genomic era, there is an urgency for the development of approaches for assigning functions to the multitude of uncharacterized genes. Although currently available knock-out methodologies could be used for uncovering the function of newly discovered genes, the mixed outcomes in terms of the success of these(More)
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