Dileep G Nair

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Peripherally conditioned sensory neurons have an increased capacity to regenerate their central processes. However, even conditioned axons struggle in the presence of a hostile CNS environment. We hypothesized that combining an aggressive conditioning strategy with modification of inhibitory reactive astroglial-associated extracellular matrix could enhance(More)
BACKGROUND The enteric nervous system (ENS) continues its structural and functional growth after birth, with formation of ganglia and the innervation of growing smooth muscle. However, little is known about factors in the postnatal intestine that influence these processes. METHODS We examined the presence and potential role of glial cell line-derived(More)
Hyperplasia of smooth muscle contributes to the thickening of the intestinal wall that is characteristic of inflammation, but the mechanisms of growth control are unknown. Nitric oxide (NO) from enteric neurons expressing neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) might normally inhibit intestinal smooth muscle cell (ISMC) growth, and this was tested in vitro. In ISMC(More)
We have isolated and characterized omwaprin, a 50-amino-acid cationic protein from the venom of inland taipan (Oxyuranus microlepidotus). It is a new member of the waprin family of snake venom proteins. A synthetic gene was designed and constructed for expressing the recombinant protein in Escherichia coli. Recombinant omwaprin was used for carrying out(More)
Intestinal smooth muscle cells are normally quiescent, but in the widely studied model of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis in the rat, the onset of inflammation causes proliferation that leads to increased cell number and an altered phenotype. The factors that drive this are unclear and were studied in primary cultures of circular smooth(More)
Intestinal inflammation causes an increased intestinal wall thickness, in part, due to the proliferation of smooth muscle cells, which impairs the contractile phenotype elsewhere. To study this, cells from the circular muscle layer of the rat colon (CSMC) were isolated and studied, both in primary culture and after extended passage, using quantitative PCR,(More)
Intestinal inflammation causes initial axonal degeneration and neuronal death but subsequent axon outgrowth from surviving neurons restores innervation density to the target smooth muscle cells. Elsewhere, the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNFα and IL-1β cause neurotoxicity, leading us to test their role in promoting enteric neuron death. In a rat coculture(More)
Thickening of the inflamed intestinal wall involves growth of smooth muscle cells (SMC), which contributes to stricture formation. Earlier, the growth factor platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB was identified as a key mitogen for SMC from the rat colon (CSMC), and CSMC growth in colitis was associated with both appearance of its receptor, PDGF-Rβ and(More)
The marine environment may be explored as a rich source for novel drugs. A number of marine-derived compounds have been isolated and identified, and their therapeutic effects and pharmacological profiles are characterized. In the present review, we highlight the recent studies using marine compounds as potential hepatoprotective agents for the treatment of(More)
Glucosamine-6-phosphate N-acetyltransferase1 (GNA1) catalyses the transfer of an acetyl group from acetyl coenzyme A (AcCoA) to glucosamine-6-phosphate (GlcN6P) to form N-acetylglucosamine-6-phosphate (GlcNAc6P), which is an essential intermediate in UDP-GlcNAc biosynthesis. An analog of GlcNAc, N-butyrylglucosamine (GlcNBu) has shown healing properties for(More)