Diklar Makola

Learn More
Maternal malnutrition continues to be a major contributor to adverse reproductive outcomes in developing countries, despite longstanding efforts to fortify foods or to distribute medicinal supplements to pregnant women. The objective of this study was to test the effect of a micronutrient-fortified beverage containing 11 micronutrients (iron, iodine, zinc,(More)
Nutrition support is an essential part of the management of acute and chronic pancreatitis. In the past, parenteral nutrition has been used to allow pancreatic rest while providing nutrition support to patients who have acute pancreatitis. Evidence from randomized, controlled trials, however, suggests that enteral nutrition is as effective as and is safer(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Elemental formula delivered distal to the ligament of Treitz has demonstrated efficacy in patients with pancreatitis, presumably by decreasing pancreatic stimulation. Few data exist on the use of standard enteral formula in such patients. This study describes the outcomes of pancreatitis patients managed with long-term standard enteral(More)
Helicobacter pylori has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of digestive tract disorders, such as chronic active gastritis, peptic ulceration, gastric cancer, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. Disease outcome is dependent on many factors, including bacterial genotype, host physiology and genetics, and environmental factors such as(More)
Traditionally, the main strategies used to control micronutrient deficiencies have been food diversification, consumption of medicinal supplements, and food fortification. In Tanzania, we conducted efficacy trials using a dietary supplement as a fourth approach. These were randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled efficacy trials conducted separately(More)
Congestive heart failure (CHF) accounts for more health care costs than any other diagnosis. Readmissions contribute to this expenditure. The authors evaluated the relationship between adherence to performance metrics and 30-day readmissions. This was a retrospective study of 6063 patients with CHF between 2001 and 2008. Data were collected for 30-day(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of a multiple micronutrient fortified beverage containing eleven nutrients at physiological levels in prevention of anaemia and improving iron and vitamin A status during pregnancy. DESIGN A randomised double blind placebo controlled study. SETTING Mpwapwa and Kongwa Districts in Dodoma Region of Tanzania. SUBJECTS(More)
DIVERTICULAR DISEASE: FIBER AS AN ETIOLOGIC FACTOR AND THERAPEUTIC AGENT In a landmark paper entitled Diverticular Disease of the Colon: A deficiency disease of Western civilization published in the Lancet in 1971, Painter and Burkitt (1), hypothesized that diverticulosis coli appeared to be a deficiency disease caused by refining of carbohydrates and the(More)
  • 1