Digambar Behera

Learn More
BACKGROUND India is initiating the DOTS-Plus strategy at the national level. OBJECTIVES To highlight the results, constraints and issues of a pilot DOTS-Plus experience in an urban setting in India. METHODS Records of 126 patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) enrolled from January 2002 to December 2006, who received a daily fully(More)
OBJECTIVES Tobacco smoking is the most common risk factor for lung cancer. But a significant proportion of lung cancer occurs in non-smokers. Indoor pollution due to domestic fuels has been recently implicated as a causative agent in lung cancer especially in women. We conducted a case control study to find out the role of indoor air pollution due to(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is being more frequently diagnosed in India, due to its increased awareness, better availability of computed tomography (CT) and fiberoptic bronchoscopy. IPF has the histological appearance of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) on surgical lung biopsy. Recent research has given a new insight into the etiology of the(More)
The effect of domestic cooking fuels producing various respiratory symptoms was studied in 3,701 women. Of these, 3,608 were nonsmoking women who used four different types of cooking fuels: biomass, LPG, kerosene, and mixed fuels. The overall respiratory symptoms were observed in 13 percent of patients. Mixed fuel users experienced more respiratory symptoms(More)
BACKGROUND Lung cancer is one of the commonest malignant neoplasms all over the world. It accounts for more cancer deaths than any other cancer. It is increasingly being recognized in India. METHODS We did a systematic review of the published studies on epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer in India. Literature from other countries was also(More)
Symptomatic choroidal metastasis is a rare presenting manifestation of lung cancer. We describe here 3 patients with non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer who presented with choroidal metastasis and who were diagnosed and treated by the authors. We performed a systematic literature review of the previously reported patients with choroidal metastasis from(More)
OBJECTIVE Bcl-2 family of proteins plays a critical role in the regulation of apoptosis. This pathway may be dysregulated leading to an altered ratio of pro- and anti-apoptotic molecules, hence rendering cells resistant to chemotherapy. The objective of this study was to understand the role of Bcl-2 family members in mediation of apoptosis in squamous cell(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. Despite significant limitations, microscopy remains the cornerstone of the global TB control strategy. As the TB epidemic escalates, new diagnostic methods that are accurate and also economical and simple to manufacture and deploy are urgently needed. Although(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Of the various biochemical markers used to validate the smoking status of a person, nicotine and continine are considered as good markers for both active and passive smoking. In the present study an attempt was made to estimate urinary levels of nicotine and cotinine in healthy individuals from north India using different types of(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of two different dosage protocols on the outcome of patients with severe neurotoxic snake envenoming, using a retrospective analysis of patients admitted with a diagnosis of severe neurotoxic snake bite over a 4 year period. In the study, 55 snake bite victims requiring ventilatory support for severe(More)