Dietrich Scheglmann

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In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, vacuoles are inherited by the projection of vesicles and tubules from the mother-cell vacuole into the growing daughter cell during the S phase. These vesicles then fuse and form the daughter-cell organelle. We have described previously in vitro reactions of the formation of vacuole-derived segregation(More)
Yeast vacuoles undergo cycles of fragmentation and fusion as part of their transmission to the daughter cell and in response to changes of nutrients and the environment. Vacuole fusion can be reconstituted in a cell free system. We now show that the vacuoles synthesize phosphoinositides during in vitro fusion. Of these phosphoinositides,(More)
Small GTPases of the Ypt/Rab family are regulators of vesicular protein trafficking in exo-and endocytosis. GTPase-activating proteins (GAP) play an important role as down regulators of GTPases. We here report the molecular cloning of a novel GAP-encoding gene (GYP7, for GAP for Ypt7) by high expression from a Saccharomyces cerevisiae genomic library. The(More)
AIMS In this study we evaluated temoporfin-loaded polyethylene glycol (PEG) Poly-(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) as a new formulation for potential use in cancer treatment. MATERIALS & METHODS NPs were characterized for their photophysical properties, temoporfin release, cellular uptake and intracellular localization, and dark and(More)
A previous study revealed that the invasome dispersion containing 3.3% (w/v) ethanol and 1% (w/v) of the terpene mixture (cineole:citral:d-limonene=45:45:10, v/v=standard mixture) could significantly enhance skin penetration of the highly hydrophobic photosensitizer temoporfin (mTHPC). Invasomes enhanced mTHPC-deposition in stratum corneum (SC) compared to(More)
The gene product of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae open reading frame YDR229w (named IVY1 for: Interacting with Vps33p and Ypt7p) was found to interact with both the GTPase Ypt7p and the Sec1-related Vps33 protein. While deletion of IVY1 does not lead to any recognized change in phenotype, overexpression of Ivy1p leads to fragmentation of the vacuole,(More)
Temoporfin (mTHPC) is a highly hydrophobic second generation photosensitizer with low percutaneous penetration. In order to enhance its percutaneous penetration it was necessary to develop a mTHPC-loaded drug carrier system for enhanced skin delivery. mTHPC-loaded invasomes were developed, characterized and investigated for the in vitro percutaneous(More)
In the present study, photodynamic activity of a novel photosensitizer (PS), Chlorin e(6)-2.5 N-methyl-d-glucamine (BLC 1010), was evaluated using the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) as an in vivo model. After intravenous (i.v.) injection of BLC 1010 into the CAM vasculature, the applicability of this drug for photodynamic therapy (PDT) was assessed in terms(More)
Pegylated liposomal nanocarriers have been developed with the aim of achieving improved uptake of the clinical PDT photosensitiser, m-THPC, into target tissues through increased circulation time and bioavailability. This study investigates the biodistribution and PDT efficacy of m-THPC in its standard formulation (Foscan®) compared to m-THPC incorporated in(More)
AIMS Undesired alterations of the blood clotting balance may follow the intravascular injection of nanotherapeutics/diagnostics. Here, we tested the procoagulant activity of synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) and organically modified silica (ORMOSIL) nanoparticles (NPs) and whether a high-density polyethylene glycol coating minimizes these effects. (More)