Dietrich Keppler

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Membrane transporters can be major determinants of the pharmacokinetic, safety and efficacy profiles of drugs. This presents several key questions for drug development, including which transporters are clinically important in drug absorption and disposition, and which in vitro methods are suitable for studying drug interactions with these transporters. In(More)
We cloned and expressed a new organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP), termed human OATP2, (OATP-C, LST-1; symbol SLC21A6), involved in the uptake of various lipophilic anions into human liver. The cDNA encoding OATP2 comprised 2073 base pairs, corresponding to a protein of 691 amino acids, which were 44% identical to the known human OATP. An antibody(More)
Based on sequence homology to the human organic anion transporting polypeptide 2 (OATP2; SLC21A6), we cloned a new member of the SLC21A superfamily of solute carriers, termed OATP8 (SLC21A8). The protein of 702 amino acids showed an amino acid identity of 80% with human OATP2. Based on Northern blotting, the expression of OATP8 was restricted to human(More)
Bilirubin, the end product of heme catabolism, is taken up from the blood circulation into the liver. This work identifies a high-affinity transport protein mediating the uptake of bilirubin and its conjugates into human hepatocytes. Human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293) permanently expressing the recombinant organic anion-transporting polypeptide 2 (human(More)
The multidrug resistance protein MRP1 functions as an ATP-dependent conjugate export pump and confers multidrug resistance. We cloned MRP2 (symbol ABCC2), a MRP family member localized to the apical membrane of polarized cells. Stable expression of MRP2 in transfected human embryonic kidney (HEK-293) and Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells was enhanced(More)
The membrane proteins mediating the ATP-dependent transport of lipophilic substances conjugated to glutathione, glucuronate, or sulfate have been identified as members of the multidrug resistance protein (MRP) family. Several isoforms of these conjugate export pumps with different kinetic properties and domain-specific localization in polarized human cells(More)
The multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) is the product of an ATP-binding cassette transporter gene overexpressed in some tumor cells resistant to antineoplastic agents. We studied the transport function of MRP in membrane vesicles prepared from HeLa cells transfected with an MRP expression vector and overexpressing this 190-kDa membrane(More)
Vectorial transport of endogenous substances, drugs, and toxins is an important function of polarized cells. We have constructed a double-transfected Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cell line permanently expressing a recombinant uptake transporter for organic anions in the basolateral membrane and an ATP-dependent export pump for anionic conjugates in the(More)
Several members of the multidrug resistance protein (MRP) family are expressed in the liver. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-dependent transport of glutathione and glucuronoside conjugates across the hepatocyte canalicular membrane is mediated by the apical MRP isoform, MRP2 (APMRP), also known as canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter (cMOAT). We(More)
The liver is the major source of reduced glutathione (GSH) in blood plasma. The transport protein mediating the efflux of GSH across the basolateral membrane of human hepatocytes has not been identified so far. In this study we have localized the multidrug resistance protein 4 (MRP4; ABCC4) to the basolateral membrane of human, rat, and mouse hepatocytes(More)