Dietrich Inthorn

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Sepsis-induced microvascular leukocyte/endothelial cell interaction may result in a deterioration of capillary perfusion that finally leads to septic organ dysfunction. The aim of the present study was to characterize a novel, sublethal, two-hit model of chronic systemic sepsis that allows the repeated analysis of microcirculation by intravital microscopy.(More)
BACKGROUND Increased leukocyte-endothelial cell interaction (LE) and deterioration of capillary perfusion represent key mechanisms of septic organ dysfunction. The type of volume support, however, which may be used during septic disorders, remains controversial. Using intravital microscopy, the authors studied the effect of different regimens of clinically(More)
Objective: Laboratory studies demonstrated significant detrimental effects of male sex-steroids (testosterone) on immune functions following hemorrhagic shock and soft-tissue trauma. Moreover, better survival of female mice subjected to severe sepsis was observed when compared to male animals. The aims of the present study were to evaluate whether or not(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize microcirculatory actions of activated protein C in an endotoxemia rodent model that allows in vivo studies of microvascular inflammation and perfusion dysfunction. DESIGN Animal study using intravital microscopy. SETTING Animal research facility. SUBJECTS Male Syrian golden hamsters, 6-8 wks old with a body weight of 60-80 g.(More)
To determine whether hemofiltration (HF) can eliminate cytokines and complement components and alter systemic hemodynamics in patients with severe sepsis. Prospective observation study. Surgical intensive care unit of a university hospital. 16 patients with severe sepsis. Continuous zero-balanced HF without dialysis (ultrafiltrate rate 21/h) was performed(More)
Antithrombin III (AT III) is an important inhibitor of thrombin activity, as well as of many other proteases of the coagulation system. AT III administration showed beneficial effects on septic multiple organ dysfunction in clinical and experimental studies. It was the aim of this study to determine whether continuous long-term AT III supplementation alters(More)
Activation of thrombin and of the coagulation system plays an important role in the pathophysiology of sepsis-associated organ dysfunction. Antithrombin III (AT III) is a natural inhibitor of thrombin, a central procoagulatory factor with pleiotropic activities. Experimental supplementation of AT III improved coagulation parameters and ameliorated organ(More)
In a comparison of spontaneous continuous arteriovenous haemofiltration (CAVH) and pump-driven haemofiltration (PDHF) for acute renal failure after surgery, 116 patients admitted to a surgical intensive care unit were assigned CAVH (48) or PDHF (68). The method of assignment was that a patient was treated by PDHF if he or she was the only patient requiring(More)
Myocardial dysfunction due to sepsis is common in patients with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and is believed to be produced by inflammatory mediators. Some of these mediators may be eliminated by continuous hemofiltration, which is a standard procedure in an ICU for renal replacement therapy. This study was designed to directly compare the effects of(More)
In a prospective study microvascular reactivity was examined in 12 patients with septic conditions by means of the provocation of reactive hyperemia (RH) for evaluation of microcirculatory function. Data were compared with data from 10 nonseptic, postsurgical patients. At the time of the initial measurement, an adequate hyperemic response could be produced(More)