Dietrich H Volkmann

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Investigations using sustained-release deslorelin implants at various insertion sites have shown that this method consistently induces oestrus in anoestus bitches. However, fertility comparisons between implant insertion sites have not been performed. Anestrous beagle bitches received one 2.1 mg deslorelin implant beneath the vestibular mucosa (VM group; n(More)
A novel approach to estrous induction in diestrous bitches is described. Twelve spontaneously cycling anestrous bitches served as controls. Thirteen anestrous and 15 diestrous bitches were induced to come into synchronous estrous using prostaglandin (diestrous bitches only) and deslorelin implants (Ovuplant). Implants contained either 2.1 or 1.05 mg(More)
A stud Clydesdale foal was still-born near full term. Macroscopic examination revealed a normal placenta, pulmonary atelectasis and faint white mottling of the kidneys. Microscopically there was severe lymphoplasmacytic interstitial nephritis. Numerous organisms resembling Encephalitozoon cuniculi were present in the affected kidneys. The organisms occurred(More)
The absence of dystrophin in the heart leads to Duchenne cardiomyopathy. Dystrophin-deficient dogs represent a critical model to translate novel therapies developed in mice to humans. Unfortunately, little is known about cardiophysiology changes in these dogs. We performed prospective electrocardiographic and echocardiographic examinations at 3, 6 and 12(More)
Induction of estrus with deslorelin implants was followed by abortions in bitches that conceived during the induced estrus. Lowering the deslorelin dose and choosing a better implantation site prevented the abortions. This study investigated the hypothesis that induction of estrus with deslorelin is followed by reduced serum progesterone concentrations(More)
Anaesthesia was required in a heavily-pregnant, adult, free-ranging African black rhinoceros Diceros bicornis with a rectal prolapse for examination and possible treatment. The animal was immobilised with 4.5 mg etorphine and 60 mg azaperone. For continued observation, the immobilised animal was transported to a boma. Additional etorphine and azaperone were(More)
The knobbed acrosome defect (KAD) has only once been reported in dog sperm. This report describes the breeding history, clinical presentation and semen evaluation of four closely related miniature Schnauzer dogs that had between 8 and 44% sperm with KAD. Two of the dogs had no substantial reproductive or sperm defects other than the KAD and were of normal(More)
The oedematous and traumatised protruding section of the rectal tissue of an adult free-ranging female African black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) was surgically amputated. Immediately before completion of surgery, the rhinoceros died of anaesthetic-related cardiac arrest. At necropsy a deformed pelvis and sacrum associated with a healed fracture of the(More)
Alkaline phosphatase (AP) is a useful indicator of the presence of the sperm-rich (2nd) fraction in the canine ejaculate. Two AP isoenzymes originating from separate genes have been identified in the dog: tissue nonspecific (TNS) and intestinal. Bone, liver, and corticosteroid-induced AP are different isoforms of the TNS and intestinal isoenzymes. Using gel(More)
The use of epididymal stallion spermatozoa for routine artificial insemination can secure easy future use of valuable genetics after unforeseen death or injury of a valuable stallion. The aims of this study were to (1) directly compare pregnancy rates for fresh and frozen-thawed stallion epididymal and ejaculated spermatozoa after conventional artificial(More)