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European states within the EEC are required to establish and use diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) in X-ray examinations. However, up to now there have been no DRLs for cardiac catheterization in children, nor as a rule is the effective dose estimated. We have evaluated the dose-area products (DAPs) for three different types of angiocardiography systems(More)
A method is described to produce life-like left and right ventricular casts of 22 human hearts and to store their surface coordinates on magnetic tape for the analysis of ventricular shape and of angiocardiographic volume determination methods. According to their shape, experienced cardiologists divided these casts into diastolic, systolic and intermediate(More)
On the basis of 22 life-like human casts (the method is described in the first paper of this series) the influence of (a) spatial orientation, (b) cardiac-phase and (c) biplane (BP) and single-plane (SP) methods of volume calculation on the accuracy of right ventricular (RV) angiocardiographic volume determination was quantitated. The best results are(More)
On the basis of 21 life-like human casts (the method is described in the first paper of this series) the influence of (a) spatial orientation, (b) cardiac phase, and (c) biplane and single-plane methods of volume calculation on the accuracy of left ventricular (LV) angiocardiographic volume determination was quantitated. The best results are obtained, when(More)
Systolic and diastolic diameters of the right and left pulmonary arteries (RPAD, LPAD), descending thoracic aorta (DTAD), right ventricular infundibulum (RVID), and pulmonary and aortic valve roots at the proximal, commissural and distal levels were estimated from angiocardiograms in 24 infants, children, and adolescents without heart disease, and(More)
Alterations to p53 seem to be of prognostic significance in soft tissue sarcomas, but their significance for synovial sarcomas has not been studied. We analysed 34 synovial sarcomas in 19 patients for p53 alterations (p53 gene mutations + p53 immunopositivity) and examined this factor for its prognostic value in a group of 15 primary tumours. DNA was(More)
Objective: The objective of the study was to estimate the capacity of pressure volume (PV) loop analysis to assess right ventricular (RV) function after Fallot (TOF) repair.Patients: Fifty six patients were examined after TOF repair. PV loops were constructed from RV angiocardiography and simultaneous pressure measurement. Patients were divided in three(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES To prove the feasibility of performing percutaneous transcatheter embolectomy using a funnel-shaped catheter tip and balloon embolectomy catheters. METHODS A theoretical model is described to assess the influence of the diameter of an introductory device and coaxially introduced embolectomy catheter. A funnel-shaped catheter tip(More)
Compared to single plane angiographic systems, biplane systems offer the possibility of a merged evaluation of the two x-ray projections. A computer program was developed that allows the assessment of enddiastolic and endsystolic volumes and frame-by-frame analysis of the left and right ventricle based on representing the biplane angiograms as optimal(More)
A computer-assisted method of estimating left ventricular muscle volume and its clinical application in 193 children and young adults is described. Wall thickness was measured at the lower half of the left cardiac border in the angiographic posteroanterior projection of the left ventricle, where only three points are marked when the left ventricular contour(More)