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We have followed the fate of cell surface insulin receptors in isolated rat hepatocytes by both a biochemical and a morphological approach. Hepatocytes were labeled with the photoreactive and biologically active 125I-labeled insulin analogue, [2-nitro-4-azidophenylacetylB2]des-PheB1-insulin, under conditions that allow for minimal internalization (2 hr at(More)
A method was developed to determine the interspin distances of two or more nitroxide spin labels attached to specific sites in proteins. This method was applied to different conformations of spin-labeled insulins. The electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) line broadening due to dipolar interaction is determined by fitting simulated EPR powder spectra to(More)
There is morphological and biochemical evidence that insulin is internalized in hepatocytes. The present study was designed to investigate the fate of the insulin receptor itself, subsequently to the initial binding step of the hormone to the hepatocyte plasma membrane. The insulin receptor was labeled with a 125I-photoreactive insulin analogue(More)
In order to study the role of the amino acid in position B25 and its environment in shortened insulins, a series of analogues was prepared with the following modifications: 1, Stepwise shortening of the B-chain including replacements of TyrB26 and ThrB27 by glycine; 2, substitutions at the carboxamide nitrogen of des-(B26-B30)-insulin-B25-amide by apolar,(More)
Insulin receptors in various brain regions (olfactory tubercle, hippocampus, and hypothalamus) were photoaffinity labeled using the photoreactive analogue of insulin B2(2-nitro,4-azidophenylacetyl)-des-PheB1-insulin (NAPA-DP-insulin). A protein with an apparent Mr of 400,000 was specifically labeled with 125I-NAPA-DP-insulin in all three brain regions. When(More)
We tested the hypothesis that the molecular weight discrepancy between insulin receptors in brain and adipocytes is due to differences in glycosylation by treating photoaffinity-labeled insulin receptors from both tissues with endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase F (Endo F) and analyzing the products by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel(More)
Molecular association between major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens and cellular proteins are thought to be involved in various immunological and nonimmunological functions of MHC antigens, including hormone signaling. The existence of physical interactions between insulin receptors and MHC class I antigens was investigated in liver plasma(More)
First-pass hepatic extraction of insulin and hepatic and peripheral contributions to hypoglycemia were compared in conscious dogs during portal infusion of insulin A1, B29 diacetyl insulin, or A1-B29 dodecoyl insulin at 7 and 14 pmol X kg-1 X min-1. The liver removed 43 +/- 2% of insulin, 12 +/- 1% of dodecoyl, and 8 +/- 1% of diacetyl insulin, in a single(More)