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Dehydration or desiccation is one of the most frequent and severe challenges to living cells. The bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans is the best known extremophile among the few organisms that can survive extremely high exposures to desiccation and ionizing radiation, which shatter its genome into hundreds of short DNA fragments. Remarkably, these fragments(More)
Executive Summary The assessment of carcinogenic risks associated with doses of ionizing radiation from 0.2 Sv to 5 Sv is based on numerous epidemiological data. However, the doses which are delivered during medical X-ray examinations are much lower (from 0.1 mSv to 20 mSv). Doses close to or slightly higher than, these can be received by workers or by(More)
Chromosomal repair was studied in stationary-phase Saccharomyces cerevisiae, including rad52/rad52 mutant strains deficient in repairing double-strand breaks (DSBs) by homologous recombination. Mutant strains suffered more chromosomal fragmentation than RAD52/RAD52 strains after treatments with cobalt-60 gamma irradiation or radiomimetic bleomycin, except(More)
Treatment of eukaryotic cells with 8-methoxypsoralen plus UVA irradiation (8-MOP/UVA) induces pyrimidine monoadducts and interstrand crosslinks and initiates a cascade of events leading to cytotoxic, mutagenic and carcinogenic responses. Transcriptional activation plays an important part in these responses. Our previous study in Saccharomyces cerevisiae(More)
The linear no-threshold (LNT) model has been widely used to establish international rules and standards in radiation protection. It is based on the notion that the physical energy deposition of ionizing radiation (IR) increases carcinogenic risk linearly with increasing dose (i.e., the carcinogenic effectiveness remains constant irrespective of dose) and,(More)
We report on the uptake, toxicity, and degradation of magnetic nanowires by NIH/3T3 mouse fibroblasts. Magnetic nanowires of diameters 200 nm and lengths between 1 and 40 μm are fabricated by controlled assembly of iron oxide (γ-Fe(2)O(3)) nanoparticles. Using optical and electron microscopy, we show that after 24 h incubation the wires are internalized by(More)
We have determined the kinetics of up-regulation of the homologous recombination gene RAD51, one of the genes induced following DNA damage in isogenic haploid DNA repair-deficient mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, using treatment with the DNA crosslinking agent 8-methoxypsoralen. We show that RAD51 is up-regulated concomitantly, although independently,(More)
The study's purpose was to assess whether individuals who developed a second malignant neoplasm (SMN) after treatment for a first malignant neoplasm (FMN) had a lower ability to repair DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) using a bioassay with γH2AX intensity as a surrogate endpoint. In a case-control study nested in a cohort of childhood cancer survivors,(More)
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