Dietrich Averbeck

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Since the middle ages, essential oils have been widely used for bactericidal, virucidal, fungicidal, antiparasitical, insecticidal, medicinal and cosmetic applications, especially nowadays in pharmaceutical, sanitary, cosmetic, agricultural and food industries. Because of the mode of extraction, mostly by distillation from aromatic plants, they contain a(More)
Cadmium is an important toxic environmental heavy metal. Occupational and environmental pollution with cadmium results mainly from mining, metallurgy industry and manufactures of nickel-cadmium batteries, pigments and plastic stabilizers. Important sources of human intoxication are cigarette smoke as well as food, water and air contaminations. In humans,(More)
Dehydration or desiccation is one of the most frequent and severe challenges to living cells. The bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans is the best known extremophile among the few organisms that can survive extremely high exposures to desiccation and ionizing radiation, which shatter its genome into hundreds of short DNA fragments. Remarkably, these fragments(More)
Executive Summary The assessment of carcinogenic risks associated with doses of ionizing radiation from 0.2 Sv to 5 Sv is based on numerous epidemiological data. However, the doses which are delivered during medical X-ray examinations are much lower (from 0.1 mSv to 20 mSv). Doses close to or slightly higher than, these can be received by workers or by(More)
To analyze relationships between replication and homologous recombination in mammalian cells, we used replication inhibitors to treat mouse and hamster cell lines containing tandem repeat recombination substrates. In the first step, few double-strand breaks (DSBs) are produced, recombination is slightly increased, but cell lines defective in non-homologous(More)
The finding that mammalian cells and tissues and whole organisms react differently at high than at low doses of ionizing radiation questions the scientific validity of the linear no-threshold concept for low-dose exposures. Indeed, the classical paradigm of radiobiology was based on the concept that all radiation effects on living matter are due to the(More)
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a cancer-predisposition syndrome characterized by hypersensitivity to interstrand-cross-link (ICL) inducers. FA hypersensitivity to ICL has been correlated with alterations in homologous recombination, non-homologous end-joining, telomere maintenance, DNA-damage assessment and checkpoint regulation, processes in which the components(More)
Recently, the risk associated with low doses of ionizing radiation has gained new interest. Here, we analyze and discuss the major differences between two reports recently published on this issue; the report of the French Academy of Sciences and of the French Academy of Medicine published in March 2005, and the BEIR VII-Phase 2 Report of the American(More)
Non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) and homologous recombination (HR) are two pathways that can compete or cooperate for DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair. NHEJ was previously shown to act throughout the cell cycle whereas HR is restricted to late S/G2. Paradoxically, we show here that defect in XRCC4 (NHEJ) leads to over-stimulation of HR when cells were(More)
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, double-strand breaks (DSB) have been observed during the DNA repair of psoralen plus UVA induced lesions. In the present paper, we analyzed this repair step in some detail using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (CHEF) to get a better understanding of this phenomenon with regard to the type of lesions induced and the(More)