Dietmar Spengler

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The two forms of pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP-27 and -38) are neuropeptides of the secretin/glucagon/vasoactive intestinal polypeptide/growth-hormone-releasing hormone family and regulate hormone release from the pituitary and adrenal gland. They may also be involved in spermatogenesis, and PACAP-38 potently stimulates(More)
Adverse early life events can induce long-lasting changes in physiology and behavior. We found that early-life stress (ELS) in mice caused enduring hypersecretion of corticosterone and alterations in passive stress coping and memory. This phenotype was accompanied by a persistent increase in arginine vasopressin (AVP) expression in neurons of the(More)
The proliferation rate of a cell population reflects a balance between cell division, cell cycle arrest, differentiation and apoptosis. The regulation of these processes is central to development and tissue homeostasis, whereas dysregulation may lead to overt pathological outcomes, notably cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. We report here the cloning(More)
Two animal models of trait anxiety, HAB/LAB rats and mice, are described, representing inborn extremes in anxiety-related behavior. The comprehensive phenotypical characterization included basal behavioral features, stress-coping strategies and neuroendocrine responses upon stressor exposure with HAB animals being hyper-anxious, preferring passive coping,(More)
Two inbred rat lines have been developed that show either high (HAB) or low (LAB) anxiety-related behavior. The behavioral phenotype correlates with arginine vasopressin (AVP) expression at the level of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN), but not supraoptic nucleus, with HAB animals overexpressing the neuropeptide in both magnocellular and(More)
We previously reported the identification of mZac, a novel mouse zinc finger protein that shared with p53 the ability to regulate concomitantly apoptosis and cell cycle progression. We describe here the isolation, chromosomal localization, and functional in vitro characterization of its human homolog. hZAC is a widely expressed zinc finger protein that(More)
The zinc-finger protein Zac1 has a role as transcription factor and coregulator and plays an important role in pituitary development, maturation and tumorigenesis. Zac1 target genes control cell proliferation and hormone synthesis. While Zac1 is highly expressed in all hormone-producing cells of the pituitary, loss of expression frequently occurs in(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP)-27 and PACAP-38 are neuropeptides of the vasoactive intestinal peptide/secretin/glucagon family. We previously described alternative splicing of the region encoding the third intracellular loop of the PACAP receptor generating six isoforms with differential signal transduction properties (Spengler,(More)
We characterized the pharmacological profiles of the human mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptor for 11 natural and synthetic steroids regarding binding pharmacology, intracellular localization of hormone-receptor complexes, and agonistic or antagonistic properties at the gene expression level. The sex steroid progesterone bound with an affinity (ki(More)
The regulation of human corticotropin-releasing hormone (hCRH) gene promoter activity by inducers of cAMP was investigated by transient transfection with a construct containing the hCRH gene promoter fused to the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene. Expression of hCRH-chloramphenicol acetyltransferase was strongly enhanced by forskolin in the(More)