Dietmar Riedel

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Membrane traffic in eukaryotic cells involves transport of vesicles that bud from a donor compartment and fuse with an acceptor compartment. Common principles of budding and fusion have emerged, and many of the proteins involved in these events are now known. However, a detailed picture of an entire trafficking organelle is not yet available. Using synaptic(More)
During exocytosis, SNARE proteins of secretory vesicles interact with the corresponding SNARE proteins in the plasmalemma to initiate the fusion reaction. However, it is unknown whether SNAREs are uniformly distributed in the membrane or whether specialized fusion sites exist. Here we report that in the plasmalemma, syntaxins are concentrated in 200 nm(More)
Cochlear inner hair cells (IHCs) transmit acoustic information to spiral ganglion neurons through ribbon synapses. Here we have used morphological and physiological techniques to ask whether synaptic mechanisms differ along the tonotopic axis and within IHCs in the mouse cochlea. We show that the number of ribbon synapses per IHC peaks where the cochlea is(More)
Vertebrate claudin proteins are integral components of tight junctions, which function as paracellular diffusion barriers in epithelia. We identified Megatrachea (Mega), a Drosophila transmembrane protein homologous to claudins, and show that it acts in septate junctions, the corresponding structure of invertebrates. Our analysis revealed that Mega has(More)
At the presynaptic active zone, Ca²+ influx triggers fusion of synaptic vesicles. It is not well understood how Ca²+ channel clustering and synaptic vesicle docking are organized. Here, we studied structure and function of hair cell ribbon synapses following genetic disruption of the presynaptic scaffold protein Bassoon. Mutant synapses--mostly lacking the(More)
The inner membrane of mitochondria is especially protein rich and displays a unique morphology characterized by large invaginations, the mitochondrial cristae, and the inner boundary membrane, which is in proximity to the outer membrane. Mitochondrial inner membrane proteins appear to be not evenly distributed in the inner membrane, but instead organize(More)
Ribbon synapses of inner hair cells (IHCs) undergo developmental maturation until after the onset of hearing. Here, we studied whether IHC synaptogenesis is regulated by thyroid hormone (TH). We performed perforated patch-clamp recordings of Ca2+ currents and exocytic membrane capacitance changes in IHCs of athyroid and TH-substituted Pax8-/- mice during(More)
Synaptic vesicles from mammalian brain are among the best characterized trafficking organelles. However, so far it has not been possible to characterize vesicle subpopulations that are specific for a given neurotransmitter. Taking advantage of the recent molecular characterization of vesicular neurotransmitter transporters, we have used an antibody specific(More)
Synaptic vesicles (SVs) store neurotransmitters and release them by exocytosis. The vesicular neurotransmitter transporters discriminate which transmitter will be sequestered and stored by the vesicles. However, it is unclear whether the neurotransmitter phenotype of SVs is solely defined by the transporters or whether it is associated with additional(More)