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Prolonged physical exercise is associated with multiple changes in blood hemostasis. Eccentric muscle activation induces microtrauma of skeletal muscles, inducing an inflammatory response. Since there is a link between inflammation and coagulation we speculated that downhill running strongly activates the coagulation system. Thirteen volunteers participated(More)
: The management of perioperative bleeding involves multiple assessments and strategies to ensure appropriate patient care. Initially, it is important to identify those patients with an increased risk of perioperative bleeding. Next, strategies should be employed to correct preoperative anaemia and to stabilise macrocirculation and microcirculation to(More)
Standard laboratory coagulation tests (SLTs) such as prothrombin time/international normalized ratio or partial thromboplastin time are frequently used to assess coagulopathy and to guide haemostatic interventions. However, this has been challenged by numerous reports, including the current European guidelines for perioperative bleeding management, which(More)
Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is one of the main causes of maternal deaths even in industrialized countries. It represents an emergency situation which necessitates a rapid decision and in particular an exact diagnosis and root cause analysis in order to initiate the correct therapeutic measures in an interdisciplinary cooperation. In addition to established(More)
UNLABELLED To explore whether routinely administered colloids and crystalloids influence the hemostatic system, we studied 60 patients undergoing knee replacement surgery during randomized intravascular fluid administration using 6% hydroxyethyl starch 200/0.5 (HES) or 4% modified gelatin (GEL) in addition to a basal infusion of lactated Ringer's solution(More)
Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is a potent supplementary vasopressor in advanced vasodilatory shock, but decreases in platelet count have been reported during AVP therapy. In this study we evaluated the effects of AVP infusion on the coagulation system in advanced vasodilatory shock when compared to norepinephrine (NE) infusion alone. Forty-two patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Our goal of this study was to determine whether protamine's effects on coagulation can be detected and differentiated from those of heparin when using thrombelastometry (ROTEM). METHODS To reverse the effects of heparin after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), 22 consecutive patients undergoing aortocoronary bypass graft surgery were included.(More)
BACKGROUND Low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) have become increasingly used to prevent thromboembolic complications in intensive care patients. Unlike in medical and surgical patients, no data on the anticoagulant effectiveness of standard LMWH dosages exist in intensive care patients. Therefore, we prospectively investigated antifactor Xa (aFXa) levels(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to obtain data on the incidence of postoperative infection in patients undergoing elective orthopedic surgery and receiving white blood cell (WBC)-filtered blood components prepared according to current standards. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 308 consecutive orthopedic patients who opted for preoperative(More)