Dietmar Ochs

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OBJECTIVES To assess the effect of triclosan on fatty acid synthesis and to relate the inhibition of enoyl reductase to bacterial viability. METHODS The effect of triclosan on fatty acid synthesis in a triclosan-resistant Escherichia coli and its sensitive counterpart and in Pseudomonas aeruginosa was investigated by measuring acetate incorporation into(More)
AIMS To investigate the inhibitory and lethal effects of triclosan against several micro-organisms at different stages of their phase of population growth. METHODS AND RESULTS Triclosan minimum inhibitory concentrations against several test organisms were determined in broth and agar using standard protocols. The bisphenol effect on bacterial population(More)
Isolated pancreatic acini were loaded with the calcium selective fluorescent indicator, quin-2. Measurements of cellular K+ content and lactic dehydrogenase release indicated that cell viability was not affected by quin-2 loading. The concentration of intracellular free calcium of unstimulated acinar cells was calculated to be 180 +/- 4 nM. When cells(More)
There is no clear consensus regarding the effect of biocide tolerance on antibiotic susceptibility. In this work, triclosan-tolerant strains of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Acinetobacter johnsonii were compared with sensitive strains in order to ascertain their susceptibility to a range of antibiotics. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of(More)
Plasma membrane vesicles were prepared from guinea pig peritoneal exudate neutrophils, using nitrogen cavitation to rupture the plasma membrane and differential centrifugation to separate the vesicles. The vesicles were enriched 13.2-fold in (Na+, K+)-ATPase activity and had a cholesterol:protein ratio of 0.15, characteristic of plasma membranes.(More)
Low concentrations of free Ca2+ stimulated the hydrolysis of ATP by plasma membrane vesicles purified from guinea pig neutrophils and incubated in 100 mM HEPES/triethanolamine, pH 7.25. In the absence of exogenous magnesium, apparent values obtained were 320 nM (EC50 for free Ca2+), 17.7 nmol of Pi/mg X min (Vmax), and 26 microM (Km for total ATP). Studies(More)
The involvement of Ca2+ and cyclic nucleotides in neurohormonal regulation of Na+-K+-ATPase (Na+-K+ pump) activity in guinea pig pancreatic acinar cells was investigated. Changes in Na+-K+ pump activity elicited by secretagogues were assessed by [3H]ouabain binding and by ouabain-sensitive 86Rb+ uptake. Carbachol (CCh) and cholecystokinin octapeptide(More)
Pancreatic acini were loaded with the Ca-selective fluorescent indicator quin-2 by incubation with its acetyoxymethyl ester. Loading acini with 844 +/- 133 microM quin-2 altered neither their ultrastructure nor their viability. The rate of amylase release from quin-2-loaded acini in response to the secretagogue carbachol, however, was significantly smaller(More)
Poultry have a very limited number of resident macrophages in the normal steady-state respiratory tract. Thus, poultry must rely heavily on active migration of phagocytic cells to the lungs and air sacs in defending against respiratory pathogens. Intratracheal administration of a live, apathogenic Pasteurella multocida vaccine (Choloral; Clemson University(More)