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AIM To assess the safety and efficacy of the potent and selective dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor linagliptin 5 mg when given for 24 weeks to patients with type 2 diabetes who were either treatment-naive or who had received one oral antidiabetes drug (OAD). METHODS This multicentre, randomized, parallel group, phase III study compared linagliptin(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment options for HIV-1 infected individuals who have received extensive previous antiretroviral therapy are limited. We compared efficacy and safety of the novel non-peptidic protease inhibitor tipranavir co-administered with ritonavir plus an optimised background regimen with that of an investigator-selected ritonavir-boosted comparator(More)
BACKGROUND This study investigated the cardiovascular (CV) safety profile of the dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitor linagliptin versus comparator treatments. METHODS This was a pre-specified meta-analysis of CV events in linagliptin or comparator-treated patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) from eight Phase 3 studies. All suspected CV events(More)
Glucose-lowering treatment options are limited for uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with advanced stages of renal impairment (RI). This retrospective analysis evaluated glycaemic efficacy and tolerability of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor linagliptin added to sulphonylurea. Three randomized phase 3 studies (n = 619) including T2DM(More)
BACKGROUND Tipranavir, a novel protease inhibitor, has demonstrated antiviral activity against protease inhibitor-resistant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) isolates. The Randomized Evaluation of Strategic Intervention in multi-drug reSistant patients with Tipranavir (RESIST-2) trial is an ongoing, open-label, phase III trial comparing(More)
BACKGROUND The cardiovascular (CV) safety of linagliptin was evaluated in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS Pre-specified patient-level pooled analysis of all available double-blind, randomized, controlled trials, ≥ 12 weeks' duration (19 trials, 9459 subjects) of linagliptin versus placebo/active treatment. Primary end point: composite of(More)
In RESIST, enfuvirtide co-administered with ritonavir-boosted tipranavir was associated with higher plasma tipranavir concentrations, which seldom rose above those associated with an increased risk of grade 3/4 transaminase elevations. Transaminase elevation rates (6.5%) and clinical hepatic event rates (5.9 events/100 person exposure years) were lower in(More)
BACKGROUND BI 1182.2, an open-label, randomized, multicenter, phase 2 study, evaluated efficacy and tolerability of the protease inhibitor (PI) tipranavir (TPV; 500 mg twice daily or 1000 mg twice daily) administered with ritonavir (100 mg twice daily) in combination with 1 nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor and 1 nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase(More)
OBJECTIVE With the expanding armamentarium of noninsulin therapies for type 2 diabetes mellitus, the use of insulin with various oral agents is becoming more common. In this study, we assessed the efficacy and cardiovascular (CV) safety of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor linagliptin as add-on to insulin in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS In(More)