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The precision of sound information transmitted to the brain depends on the transfer characteristics of the inner hair cell (IHC) ribbon synapse and its multiple contacting auditory fibers. We found that brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) differentially influences IHC characteristics in the intact and injured cochlea. Using conditional knock-out mice(More)
Cervical (c) and ocular (o) vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) provide important tools for measuring otolith function. However, two major drawbacks of this method are encountered in clinical practice. First, recording of oVEMPs is compromised by small n10 amplitudes. Second, VEMP analysis is currently based on the averaging technique, resulting(More)
Cav1.3 L-type Ca(2+)-channel function is regulated by a C-terminal automodulatory domain (CTM). It affects channel binding of calmodulin and thereby tunes channel activity by interfering with Ca(2+)- and voltage-dependent gating. Alternative splicing generates short C-terminal channel variants lacking the CTM resulting in enhanced Ca(2+)-dependent(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the involvement of the different semicircular canals in posttraumatic benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo (BPPV) with special reference to the anterior canal (AC). STUDY DESIGN Retrospective review. SETTING Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS Seventy-four BPPV patients. INTERVENTIONS Neurotologic assessment with(More)
The auxiliary subunit α2δ2 modulates the abundance and function of voltage-gated calcium channels. Here we show that α2δ2 mRNA is expressed in neonatal and mature hair cells. A functional α2δ2-null mouse, the ducky mouse (du), showed elevated auditory brainstem response click and frequency-dependent hearing thresholds. Otoacoustic emissions were not(More)
In order to objectively assess the laryngeal vibratory behavior, endoscopic high-speed cameras capture several thousand frames per second of the vocal folds during phonation. However, judging all inherent clinically relevant features is a challenging task and requires well-founded expert knowledge. In this study, an automated wavelet-based analysis of(More)
Direct observation of vocal fold vibration is indispensable for a clinical diagnosis of voice disorders. Among current imaging techniques, high-speed videoendoscopy constitutes a state-of-the-art method capturing several thousand frames per second of the vocal folds during phonation. Recently, a method for extracting descriptive features from(More)
Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) are widely used as an objective examination procedure to determine cochlear function. In a clinical routine setting, the amplitude of the DPOAE signal at 2f1 .. f2 is applied as an indicator for a potential hearing loss up to 8 kHz. Due to their poor signal to noise ratio, meatal nodes from standing waves(More)
Inhibitory glycine receptors containing the α3 subunit (GlyRα3) regulate sensory information processing in the CNS and retina. In previous work, we demonstrated the presence of postsynaptic GlyRα3 immunoreactivity at efferent synapses of the medial and lateral olivocochlear bundle in the organ of Corti; however, the role of these α3-GlyRs in auditory(More)