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BACKGROUND Bordetella petrii is the only environmental species hitherto found among the otherwise host-restricted and pathogenic members of the genus Bordetella. Phylogenetically, it connects the pathogenic Bordetellae and environmental bacteria of the genera Achromobacter and Alcaligenes, which are opportunistic pathogens. B. petrii strains have been(More)
The anterior nares are an important reservoir for opportunistic pathogens and commensal microorganisms. A barcoded Illumina paired-end sequencing method targeting the 16S ribosomal RNA V1-2 hypervariable region was developed to compare the bacterial diversity of the anterior nares across distinct human populations (volunteers from Germany vs a Babongo Pygmy(More)
Three bacterial strains, designated MT1(T), RW10(T) and IpA-2(T), had been isolated previously for their ability to degrade chlorosalicylates or isopimaric acid. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis demonstrated that these bacteria are related to species of the genus Pseudomonas. Analysis of the results of DNA-DNA hybridization with several close phylogenetic(More)
Recent advances in the degradation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have focussed on the use of experimental enrichment cultures to obtain PCB-degrading communities, and the use of culture-independent approaches to characterize natural and experimental PCB-degrading communities and to identify the key members in this process. PCB-degrading communities(More)
Two Rhodococcus erythropolis strains, HL 24-1 and HL 24-2, were isolated from soil and river water by their abilities to utilize 2,4-dinitrophenol (0.5 mM) as the sole source of nitrogen. Although succinate was supplied as a carbon and energy source during selection, both isolates could utilize 2,4-dinitrophenol also as the sole source of carbon. Both(More)
The bacterial strain RB1 has been isolated by enrichment cultivation with 2,4-dinitrophenol as the sole nitrogen, carbon, and energy source and characterized, on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison, as a Rhodococcus species closely related to Rhodococcus opacus. Rhodococcus sp. strain RB1 degrades 2,4-dinitrophenol, releasing the two nitro groups(More)
The microbial degradation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) has been extensively studied in recent years. The genetic organization of biphenyl catabolic genes has been elucidated in various groups of microorganisms, their structures have been analyzed with respect to their evolutionary relationships, and new information on mobile elements has become(More)
The treatment of environmental pollution by microorganisms is a promising technology. Various genetic approaches have been developed and used to optimize the enzymes, metabolic pathways and organisms relevant for biodegradation. New information on the metabolic routes and bottlenecks of degradation is still accumulating, enlarging the available toolbox.(More)
Two genes, nahG and nahW, encoding two independent salicylate 1-hydroxylases have been identified in the naphthalene-degrading strain Pseudomonas stutzeri AN10. While nahG resides in the same transcriptional unit as the meta-cleavage pathway genes, forming the naphthalene degradation lower pathway, nahW is situated outside but in close proximity to this(More)