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The presence of a nitrogen atom, charged at physiological pH, has frequently been considered to be a hallmark of P-glycoprotein (PGP) inhibitors, although certain steroids, such as progesterone, lack a nitrogen atom and still are active modulators of PGP. The present study was aimed at investigating the role the nitrogen atom plays in the activity of PGP(More)
The sodium channel blocker propafenone and a series of analogs have been identified as effective modulators of P-glyco-protein-mediated multidrug resistance in human tumor cells. A series of closely related structural homologues showed a highly significant correlation between lipophilicity and pharmacological effect. Reduction of the carbonyl group as well(More)
Propafenone analogs (PAs) were previously identified as potent inhibitors of P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-mediated toxin efflux. For this as well as other classes of Pgp inhibitors, lipophilicity as well as hydrogen bond acceptor strength are important determinants of biological activity. The question as to whether a direct interaction between PA-type modulators(More)
Cytosolic free calcium ions represent important second-messengers in platelets. Therefore, quantitative measurement of intraplatelet calcium provides a popular and very sensitive tool to evaluate platelet activation and reactivity. Current protocols for determination of intracellular calcium concentrations in platelets have a number of limitations.(More)
High density lipoproteins (HDL) represent a protective factor of central importance that counteracts the development of cardiovascular disease, in part by normalizing platelet (hyper)reactivity. As HDL represent an efficient scavenger of the naturally occurring oxidant hypochlorite, this work was intended to investigate the influence of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Amphetamines bind to the plasmalemmal transporters for the monoamines dopamine (DAT), noradrenaline (NET) and 5-HT (SERT); influx of amphetamine leads to efflux of substrates. Various models have been proposed to account for this amphetamine-induced reverse transport in mechanistic terms. A most notable example is the molecular stent(More)
An alternatively spliced form of human sulfonylurea receptor (SUR) 1 mRNA lacking exon 2 (SUR1Δ2) has been identified. The omission of exon 2 caused a frame shift and an immediate stop codon in exon 3 leading to translation of a 5.6-kDa peptide that comprises the N-terminal extracellular domain and the first transmembrane helix of SUR1. Based on a weak(More)
There has been an intensive debate whether dietary exposure to acrylamide could increase the risk of human cancer since the first description of the presence of acrylamide in food in 2002. As the intestinal mechanisms of acrylamide absorption are poorly investigated we studied the transport of acrylamide in differentiated Caco-2 cells and its effects on(More)
Thus far, clock genes in the heart have been described only in rodents, and alterations of these genes have been associated with various myocardial malfunctions. In this study, we analyzed the expression of clock genes in human hearts. Left papillary muscles of 16 patients with coronary heart disease, 39 subjects with cardiomyopathy, and 9 healthy donors(More)