Diethart Schmid

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Amphetamines bind to the plasmalemmal transporters for the monoamines dopamine (DAT), noradrenaline (NET) and 5-HT (SERT); influx of amphetamine leads to efflux of substrates. Various models have been proposed to account for this amphetamine-induced reverse transport in mechanistic terms. A most notable example is the molecular stent(More)
An alternatively spliced form of human sulfonylurea receptor (SUR) 1 mRNA lacking exon 2 (SUR1Δ2) has been identified. The omission of exon 2 caused a frame shift and an immediate stop codon in exon 3 leading to translation of a 5.6-kDa peptide that comprises the N-terminal extracellular domain and the first transmembrane helix of SUR1. Based on a weak(More)
Cytosolic free calcium ions represent important second-messengers in platelets. Therefore, quantitative measurement of intraplatelet calcium provides a popular and very sensitive tool to evaluate platelet activation and reactivity. Current protocols for determination of intracellular calcium concentrations in platelets have a number of limitations.(More)
In this study, we tested a series of 12 previously identified, highly effective propafenone-type multidrug resistance (MDR) modulators for their possible undesirable effects on cardiac tissue. We used rat papillary muscle preparations and quantitatively determined the potency of these substances to block action potential (AP) upstroke velocity (Vmax) and to(More)
The multispecific efflux transporter, P-glycoprotein, plays an important role in drug disposition. Substrate translocation occurs along the interface of its transmembrane domains. The rotational C2 symmetry of ATP-binding cassette transporters implies the existence of two symmetry-related sets of substrate-interacting amino acids. These sets are identical(More)
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) is assumed to be a major causal agent in hypercholesteraemia-induced atherosclerosis. Because the proliferation of lipid-loaden macrophages within atherosclerotic lesions has been described, we investigated the dependence of macrophage proliferation on the inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) by(More)
Background The organic cation transporter 3 (OCT3) shows a broad expression pattern in the nervous system and has been detected in glial cells and neurons. Here, OCT3 serves as an additional high-capacity, low-affinity reuptake system for monoamine neurotransmitters such as norepinephrine, serotonin and dopamine, and therefore OCT-mediated uptake has been(More)
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