Learn More
In 2003, an international working group last reported on recommendations for diagnosis, response assessment, and treatment outcomes in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Since that time, considerable progress has been made in elucidating the molecular pathogenesis of the disease that has resulted in the identification of new diagnostic and prognostic markers.(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is caused by the BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase, the product of the Philadelphia chromosome. Imatinib mesylate, formerly STI571, is a selective inhibitor of this kinase. METHODS A total of 532 patients with late--chronic-phase CML in whom previous therapy with interferon alfa had failed were treated with 400 mg of(More)
PURPOSE To review and update the European LeukemiaNet (ELN) recommendations for the management of chronic myeloid leukemia with imatinib and second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), including monitoring, response definition, and first- and second-line therapy. METHODS These recommendations are based on a critical and comprehensive review of(More)
Two methods to generate human dendritic cells from hematopoietic precursor cells in peripheral blood have recently been published. One approach utilizes the rare CD34+ precursors and GM-CSF plus TNF-alpha. The other method makes use of the more abundant CD34- precursor population and GM-CSF plus IL-4. Here we report a method that is based on the latter(More)
The immune reactivity of allogeneic lymphocytes plays a major role in the control of leukemia after bone marrow transplantation. In patients with recurrent leukemia after marrow transplantation, chimerism and tolerance provide ideal conditions for adoptive immunotherapy with donor lymphocytes. We studied the effect of donor lymphocyte transfusions on acute(More)
Advances in chronic myeloid leukemia treatment, particularly regarding tyrosine kinase inhibitors, mandate regular updating of concepts and management. A European LeukemiaNet expert panel reviewed prior and new studies to update recommendations made in 2009. We recommend as initial treatment imatinib, nilotinib, or dasatinib. Response is assessed with(More)
Although imatinib induces marked responses in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), resistance is increasingly problematic, and treatment options for imatinib-resistant or -intolerant CML are limited. Dasatinib, a novel, highly potent, oral, multitargeted kinase inhibitor of BCR-ABL and SRC family kinases, induced cytogenetic responses in a phase 1(More)
The introduction of imatinib mesylate (IM) has revolutionized the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Although experience is too limited to permit evidence-based evaluation of survival, the available data fully justify critical reassessment of CML management. The panel therefore reviewed treatment of CML since 1998. It confirmed the value of IM(More)
BACKGROUND Transplantation of blood or bone-marrow stem cells is the treatment of choice for selected patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). Transplantation is used with increasing frequency and success, but remains associated with substantial risks of morbidity and mortality. Other treatments with satisfactory short-term outcome are available. For(More)
Toxicities have limited the use of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) to younger, medically fit patients. In a canine HCT model, a combination of postgrafting mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and cyclosporine (CSP) allowed stable allogeneic engraftment after minimally toxic conditioning with low-dose (200 cGy) total-body irradiation (TBI). These(More)