Dieter Swandulla

Learn More
In the decade, since the first description of calcium-activated non-selective (CAN) channels in cardiac myocytes, pancreatic acini and neuroblastoma, this type of channel has been shown to have a ubiquitous distribution across a variety of tissues. Recently, their role in the function of cells of the nervous system has become better delineated. Because CAN(More)
Trains of action potentials evoked rises in presynaptic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) at the squid giant synapse. These increases in [Ca2+]i were spatially nonuniform during the trains, but rapidly equilibrated after the trains and slowly declined over hundreds of seconds. The trains also elicited synaptic depression and augmentation, both of which developed(More)
1. The modulatory actions of nociceptin/orphanin FQ on excitatory synaptic transmission were studied in superficial dorsal horn neurones in transverse slices from 7 to 14 day old rats. 2. Glutamatergic excitatory postsynaptic currents (e.p.s.cs) were recorded from the somata of the neurones in the whole-cell patch-clamp configuration. E.p.s.cs were evoked(More)
1. The dependence of Ca2+ current inactivation on membrane potential and intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) was studied in TEA-loaded, identified Helix neurones which possess a single population of high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels. During prolonged depolarization, the Ca2+ current declined from its peak with two clearly distinct phases. The time(More)
Whole-cell Ca and Ba currents were studied in chick dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells kept 6-10 in culture. Voltage steps with a 15-microseconds rise time were imposed on the membrane using an improved patch-clamp circuit. Changes in membrane current could be measured 30 microseconds after the initiation of the test pulse. Currents through Ca channels were(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a lethal genetic disease of childhood caused by primary abnormalities in the gene coding for the membrane cytoskeletal protein dystrophin. The mdx mouse is an established animal model of various aspects of X-linked muscular dystrophy and is widely used for studying fundamental mechanisms(More)
In this study, we have investigated how the function of native and recombinant nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) is modulated by the monoterpenoid alcohol from peppermint (-) menthol. In trigeminal neurons (TG), we found that nicotine (75 μM)-activated whole-cell currents through nAChRs were reversibly reduced by menthol in a(More)
In postnatal rodent brain, certain NG2-expressing oligodendroglial precursor cells (OPCs) are contacted by synaptic terminals from local neurons. However, it has remained elusive whether and when NG2(+) cells are integrated into neuronal circuits. Here we use patch-clamp recordings from mitotic cells in murine brain slices to show that, unlike any other(More)
The pacemaker current of a bursting neuron of Helix pomatia was investigated using voltage-clamp and pressure-injection techniques. In the steady state the net membrane current was zero near threshold of the action potential at -45 mV. Negative to this potential the membrane current was inward and steady. During burst activity a long-lasting inward current(More)