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In this paper, we identify the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan versican V2 as a major inhibitor of axonal growth in the extracellular matrix of the mature central nervous system. In immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization experiments we show that this tissue-specific splice variant of versican is predominantly present in myelinated fiber tracts of(More)
The primary structure of a large chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan expressed by human fibroblasts has been determined. Overlapping cDNA clones code for the entire 2389 amino acid long core protein and the 20-residue signal peptide. The sequence predicts a potential hyaluronic acid-binding domain in the amino-terminal portion. This domain contains sequences(More)
The basic concept, that specialized extracellular matrices rich in hyaluronan, chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (aggrecan, versican, neurocan, brevican, phosphacan), link proteins and tenascins (Tn-R, Tn-C) can regulate cellular migration and axonal growth and thus, actively participate in the development and maturation of the nervous system, has in recent(More)
Proteoglycans are a heterogeneous class of proteins bearing sulfated glycosaminoglycans. Some of the proteoglycans have distinct core protein structures, and others display similarities and thus may be grouped into families such as the syndecans, the glypicans, or the hyalectans (or lecticans). Proteoglycans can be found in almost all tissues being present(More)
Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans have been implicated in the regulation of cell migration and pattern formation in the developing peripheral nervous system. To identify whether the large aggregating proteoglycan versican might be mediating these processes, we prepared monospecific antibodies against a recombinant core protein fragment of chick versican.(More)
Mature human aorta contains a 70-kDa versican fragment, which reacts with a neoepitope antiserum to the C-terminal peptide sequence DPEAAE. This protein therefore appears to represent the G1 domain of versican V1 (G1-DPEAAE(441)), which has been generated in vivo by proteolytic cleavage at the Glu(441)-Ala(442) bond, within the sequence(More)
Hypoxic induction of erythropoietin (Epo) and other oxygen-dependent genes is mediated by the hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), a heterodimeric transactivator consisting of an alpha and a beta subunit. We previously found that the mouse gene encoding HIF-1alpha harbors two alternative first exons (I.1 and I.2), giving rise to two different HIF-1alpha mRNA(More)
Two sites on tenascin mediate interactions with glycosaminoglycan chains of proteoglycans. One is situated on the fibrinogen-like domain, whereas the other lies within the fibronectin type III homology region (Aukhil, I., Joshi, P., Yan, Y.Z., and Erickson, H.P. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 2542-2553.). We now characterize the latter binding site more closely(More)
The CNS-restricted versican splice-variant V2 is a large chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan incorporated in the extracellular matrix surrounding myelinated fibers and particularly accumulating at nodes of Ranvier. In vitro, it is a potent inhibitor of axonal growth and therefore considered to participate in the reduction of structural plasticity connected to(More)
The absence of fiber regrowth in the injured mammalian CNS is influenced by several different factors and mechanisms. Besides the nonconducive properties of the glial scar tissue that forms around the lesion site, individual molecules present in CNS myelin and expressed by oligodendrocytes, such as NI-35/NI-250, bNI-220, and myelin-associated glycoprotein(More)