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In this paper, we identify the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan versican V2 as a major inhibitor of axonal growth in the extracellular matrix of the mature central nervous system. In immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization experiments we show that this tissue-specific splice variant of versican is predominantly present in myelinated fiber tracts of(More)
Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans have been implicated in the regulation of cell migration and pattern formation in the developing peripheral nervous system. To identify whether the large aggregating proteoglycan versican might be mediating these processes, we prepared monospecific antibodies against a recombinant core protein fragment of chick versican.(More)
The basic concept, that specialized extracellular matrices rich in hyaluronan, chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (aggrecan, versican, neurocan, brevican, phosphacan), link proteins and tenascins (Tn-R, Tn-C) can regulate cellular migration and axonal growth and thus, actively participate in the development and maturation of the nervous system, has in recent(More)
Hypoxic induction of erythropoietin (Epo) and other oxygen-dependent genes is mediated by the hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), a heterodimeric transactivator consisting of an alpha and a beta subunit. We previously found that the mouse gene encoding HIF-1alpha harbors two alternative first exons (I.1 and I.2), giving rise to two different HIF-1alpha mRNA(More)
The CNS-restricted versican splice-variant V2 is a large chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan incorporated in the extracellular matrix surrounding myelinated fibers and particularly accumulating at nodes of Ranvier. In vitro, it is a potent inhibitor of axonal growth and therefore considered to participate in the reduction of structural plasticity connected to(More)
The absence of fiber regrowth in the injured mammalian CNS is influenced by several different factors and mechanisms. Besides the nonconducive properties of the glial scar tissue that forms around the lesion site, individual molecules present in CNS myelin and expressed by oligodendrocytes, such as NI-35/NI-250, bNI-220, and myelin-associated glycoprotein(More)
Given their accessibility, multipotent skin-derived cells might be useful for future cell replacement therapies. We describe the isolation of multipotent stem cell-like cells from the adult trunk skin of mice and humans that express the neural crest stem cell markers p75 and Sox10 and display extensive self-renewal capacity in sphere cultures. To determine(More)
The expression of the large chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan versican was studied in human adult skin. For this purpose, bacterial fusion proteins containing unique portions of the versican core protein were prepared. Polyclonal antibodies against the fusion proteins specifically reacted with versican from a proteoglycan fraction of MG63 osteosarcoma cells.(More)
We previously showed the selective expression of the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans versican V0 and V1 in barrier tissues that impede the migration of neural crest cells during embryonic trunk development (Landolt, R. M., Vaughan, L., Winterhalter, K. H., and Zimmermann, D. R. (1995) Development 212, 2303-2312). To test for an active involvement of these(More)
Collagen VII is the major structural constituent of anchoring fibrils in the skin. It is synthesized as a procollagen that is larger than the collagen deposited in the tissue. In this study, we investigated the conversion of procollagen VII to collagen VII in human skin and in cutaneous cells in vitro and identified the propeptide using domain-specific(More)