Dieter Neumeier

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Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB)/Rel transcription factors play an important role in the inducible regulation of a variety of genes involved in the inflammatory and proliferative responses of cells. The present study was designed to elucidate the implication of NF-kappaB/Rel in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Activation of the dimeric NF-kappaB(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet/endothelium interaction plays an important role in the pathophysiology of inflammation and atherosclerosis. The role of platelets for monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) secretion and surface expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) on endothelial cells has been assessed. METHODS AND RESULTS Monolayers of human(More)
BACKGROUND In patients suffering from end-stage renal failure, cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and I (cTnI) may be increased in serum without other signs of acute myocardial damage. Whether these increases are specific to myocardial injury or nonspecific is not completely clear. METHODS We investigated time courses of cTnT and cTnI over 1 year and the clinical(More)
Extensively oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL), a modulator of atherogenesis, down-regulates the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced activation of transcription factor NF-kappaB. We investigated whether 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), a prominent aldehyde component of ox-LDL, represents one of the inhibitory substances. NF-kappaB activation by stimuli such as(More)
TNF is a major mediator of inflammation, immunity, and apoptosis. Pre-exposure to TNF reduces sensitivity to restimulation, a phenomenon known as tolerance, considered as protective in sepsis, but also as a paradigm for immunoparalysis. Earlier experiments in TNF-tolerant cells display inhibition of NF-kappaB-dependent IL-8 gene expression at the(More)
A test kit (Iso-ALP, Boehringer Mannheim) for measuring human bone alkaline phosphatase activity in serum or plasma was evaluated in five laboratories in three countries. The assay is based on the principle described by Rosalki and Foo (Clin Chem 1984;30:1182-6) and uses wheat germ lectin to precipitate bone alkaline phosphatase. Residual ALP in the(More)
The inflammatory mediators lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) are potent activators of NF-kappaB. This study compared the effect of these stimuli on endogenous IkappaB kinase (IKK) signalsome activation and IkappaB phosphorylation/proteolysis in human monocytic cells and investigated the role of the signalsome proteins IKK-alpha,(More)
OBJECTIVES Cardiac troponins T (cTnT) and I (cTnI) are the most sensitive biochemical parameters in the detection of myocardial damage. In neonates, in utero exposure to tocolytic therapy results in detectable values of cardiac troponins after delivery. Additionally, some preliminary results suggest that the upper reference limits for healthy newborns are(More)
For the determination of creatine kinase isoenzyme catalytic concentrations in serum two methods based on immunological reactions are presented: One method uses inhibiting antibodies, which selectively block the activity of creatine kinase M subunits ("Inhibition Test"). This test is used for routine measurements of creatine kinase MB catalytic(More)