Dieter Mehlitz

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Polymorphism in 12 enzymes, as shown by electrophoresis on thin-layer starch-gel, was examined in 88 stocks of trypanosomes of the subgenus Trypanozoon isolated from man and animals in the Ivory Coast and Upper Volta. Three of the enzyme profiles seen in trypanosomes from man in the Ivory Coast were exactly the same as in trypanosomes from local domestic(More)
The nuclear DNAs of 71 trypanosome stocks from different African countries, representative of the three Trypanosoma brucei subspecies, and one T. evansi stock, have been analysed by the combined use of restriction endonuclease digestion, gel electrophoresis and molecular hybridization with both trypanosome surface-antigen-specific and undefined genomic DNA(More)
The prevalence of Mal de Cadeiras--Portuguese for Trypanosoma (T.) evansi infections in horses--as well as the prevalence of T.evansi infections in cattle, dogs and free-ranging capybaras (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris) was investigated in Pantanal de Poconé (Mato Grosso, Brazil). In 0.3, 8.6 and 8.0% of the horses, dogs and capybaras, respectively, infection(More)
Investigations were carried out to determine the prophylactic activity of isometamidium chloride in village populations of cattle naturally infected with trypanosomes in Metekel district, northwest Ethiopia. In a cross-sectional study in March 1997, 484 randomly selected cattle from four villages were examined for trypanosome infections by the dark(More)
The genetic diversity of the bovine class II DRB3 locus was investigated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification and DNA sequencing of the first domain exon. Studying 34 animals of various cattle breeds, 14 previously unrecognized DRB3 alleles were identified. In three alleles, amino acid substitutions were observed that had not been previously(More)
The DR and DQ genes of the major histocompatibility complex of cattle (BoLA) resemble those of other mammalian species except for a certain variability in the number of DQA and DQB loci, which appears to be a feature unique to ruminants. Cattle possess two distinct types of DQA loci. They are represented by genomic clones termed IV] and AS, which differ by(More)
The objective of this study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with the hematocrit centrifugation technique (HCT) and the mini-anion-exchange centrifugation technique (m-AECT) for diagnosis of trypanosome infections in livestock. In a cross-sectional study, 486 cattle from 50 randomly selected farms in(More)
29 Trypanozoon stocks from Liberian pigs and dogs were screened for human plasma resistance and electrophoretic isoenzyme patterns of eleven enzymes. Two stocks from pigs were found both to be resistant to human plasma and to have an isoenzyme marker, a slow alanine aminotransferase (ALAT) pattern, previously found only in Trypanosoma brucei gambiense from(More)
Thirty-two isolates from man in known areas of Gambian trypanosomiasis, in the Sudan, Kenya, Zaire, Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Liberia and Senegal, were examined by isoenzyme electrophoresis of 11 enzymes. Comparisons were also made with our previously published results on 23 other stocks of similar origins, which had been examined in the same(More)