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The optimal stimulation site in subthalamic deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) was evaluated by correlation of the stereotactic position of the stimulation electrode with the electrophysiologically specified dorsal STN border. In a series of 25 electrodes, best clinical results with least energy consumption were found in contacts located in the dorsolateral(More)
Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) is an established therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD). A manic episode with psychotic symptoms induced by STN-DBS occurred in a previously psychiatrically healthy patient, focusing on the role of STN-DBS in influencing not only motor but also emotional behaviour.
Primary hepatocytes represent a well-accepted in vitro cell culture system for studies of drug metabolism, enzyme induction, transplantation, viral hepatitis, and hepatocyte regeneration. Recently, a multicentric research program has been initiated to optimize and standardize new in vitro systems with hepatocytes. In this article, we discuss five of these(More)
Unlike the mechanisms involved in the death of neuronal cell bodies, those causing the elimination of processes are not well understood owing to the lack of suitable experimental systems. As the neurotrophin receptor p75(NTR) is known to restrict the growth of neuronal processes, we engineered mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells to express an Ngfr (p75(NTR))(More)
Cyclic GMP formation in the rat pinealocyte has generally been thought to involve guanylate cyclases (GC) which are activated via GTP-regulatory proteins following beta 1-adrenergic receptor stimulation. Recent studies have also pointed to a cytosolic GC in these cells whose activity can be elevated by nitric oxide donors. Little attention has been paid to(More)
Atrial (ANP) and C-type (CNP) natriuretic peptide generate physiological effects via selective activation of two closely related membrane receptors with guanylyl cyclase (GC) activity, known as GC-A and GC-B. As yet, however, the discrete roles for ANP/GC-A vs. CNP/GC-B signaling in many mammalian tissues are still poorly understood. We here used receptor(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of gadoxetic acid disodium-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for the detection of focal liver lesions, with results of histopathologic examination and/or intraoperative ultrasonography used as a standard of reference. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred sixty-nine patients who were known to have or(More)
Alterations of the nitric oxide receptor, soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) may contribute to the pathophysiology of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). In the present study, the expression of sGC in explanted lung tissue of PAH patients was studied and the effects of the sGC stimulator BAY 63-2521 on enzyme activity, and haemodynamics and vascular(More)
Deep-brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus appears to reduce levodopa-induced dyskinesias, but whether this effect is caused by the reduction of the total levodopa ingestion or represents a direct effect on the motor system is unknown. Precision grip force of grasping movements and levodopa-induced dyskinesias was analyzed in 10 parkinsonian patients(More)
Mechatronics is an area that merges multidisciplinary knowledge coming from mechanical engineering, electronics and computer technology. Vocational training in mechatronics requires the teaching of 'multi-skills' in various learning contexts, as well as a good blend of learning in the classroom and practical training in work surroundings. This paper(More)