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Golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) were kept in a light-dark cycle (LD 14:10). For 2 weeks, almost every day they were placed in a novel running wheel for 3 hr, starting 7 hr before dark onset. Most of the animals made several thousand wheel revolutions during this 3 hr. When these animals were subsequently transferred to a dark room, their activity was(More)
We examined the effect of a nonphotic stimulus (running in a novel wheel) on the induction of Fos-related proteins in the two well-established neural components of the circadian clock: the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and the intergeniculate leaflet (IGL) of the lateral geniculate complex. There was no induction of Fos immunoreactivity (IR) in the SCN, but(More)
The aim of this work was to assess the effect of lesions of the intergeniculate leaflet on nonphotic phase shifts produced by confining hamsters to novel running wheels for 3 h in the middle of the subjective day. In intact hamsters this procedure produces large phase advances provided that the hamsters maintain high levels of wheel running during the(More)
Neuropeptide Y-containing fibers project from the intergeniculate leaflet of the lateral geniculate nucleus to the suprachiasmatic nucleus. Previous studies have indicated that this pathway may be involved in non-photic resetting of the circadian clock. Therefore, we investigated the possibility that neuropeptide Y mediates phase shifts induced by a(More)
Running in a novel wheel during the subjective day can shift the circadian activity rhythm of a hamster. The amount of running is thought to be an important variable. We generated a dose-response (activity-phase shift) curve for the amount of wheel running during a 3 h period starting 8 h before normal dark onset in a 14:10 LD cycle. At room temperature (23(More)
Nonphotic and photic stimuli that phase shift circadian rhythms were presented to hamsters, Mesocricetus auratus. The nonphotic stimulus was a 3-h pulse of novelty-induced wheel running starting at circadian time 4-5. The photic stimulus used was a 0.5 h light pulse starting at circadian time 18. Double immunocytochemistry was used to determine the(More)
Syrian hamsters entrained to a light-dark (LD) cycle of 14:10 h were given the opportunity to run in novel wheels for 3 h in the middle of the light phase. This manipulation transiently altered the phase angle of entrainment to the LD cycle: activity onset was significantly advanced (by about 0.5 h) on the day after the pulse and gradually drifted back(More)