Dieter Henrik Heiland

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The purpose of this study was to identify markers from perfusion, diffusion, and chemical shift imaging in glioblastomas (GBMs) and to correlate them with genetically determined and previously published patterns of structural magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Twenty-six patients (mean age 60 years, 13 female) with GBM were investigated. Imaging consisted of(More)
Bevacizumab (BEV) is widely used for treatment of patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). 1-(2-Chlorethyl)-cyclohexyl-nitrosourea (CCNU, lomustine) monotherapy is an approved chemotherapeutical option for recurrent GBM. Recent evidence demonstrated a survival benefit of combined treatment with BEV and CCNU in patients with a first recurrence(More)
Glioblastomas are characterized by transcriptionally distinct subtypes, but despite possible clinical relevance, their regulation remains poorly understood. The commonly used molecular classification systems for GBM all identify a subtype with high expression of mesenchymal marker transcripts, strongly associated with invasive growth. We used a(More)
The goal of this study was to identify correlations between metabolites from proton MR spectroscopy and genetic pathway activity in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Twenty patients with primary GBM were analysed by short echo-time chemical shift imaging and genome-wide expression analyses. Weighed Gene Co-Expression Analysis was used for an integrative(More)
To differentiate between abnormal tumor vessels and regular brain vasculature using new quantitative measures in time-of-flight (TOF) MR angiography (MRA) data. In this work time-of-flight (TOF) MR angiography data are acquired in 11 glioma patients to quantify vessel abnormality. Brain vessels are first segmented with a new algorithm, efficient monte-carlo(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme are highly malignant brain tumours with frequent genetic and epigenetic alterations. The poor clinical outcome of these tumours necessitates the development of new treatment options. Immunotherapies for glioblastoma multiforme including PD1/PD-L1 inhibition are currently tested in ongoing clinical trials. The purpose of this study(More)
In the past, changes of the Apparent Diffusion Coefficient in glioblastoma multiforme have been shown to be related to specific genes and described as being associated with survival. The purpose of this study was to investigate diffusion imaging parameters in combination with genome-wide expression data in order to obtain a comprehensive characterisation of(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the molecular background of cerebral blood volume (CBV) and vessel size (VS) of capillaries in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Both parameters are derived from extended perfusion MR imaging.A prospective case study including 21 patients (median age 66 years, 10 females) was performed. Before operation, CBV and VS(More)
High-grade gliomas (HGG) are the most common brain tumors, with an average survival time of 14 months. A glioma-CpG island methylator phenotype (G-CIMP), associated with better clinical outcome, has been described in low and high-grade gliomas. Mutation of IDH1 is known to drive the G-CIMP status. In some cases, however, the hypermethylation phenotype is(More)
Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNET) are considered to be rare, benign, and associated with chronic epilepsy. We present the case of a 28-year-old man with a history of epilepsy since age 12. Surgery of an occipital cortical lesion in 2009 revealed a DNET. Five years later, a recurrent tumor at the edge of the resection cavity was removed, and the(More)