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Abstract: A fair non-repudiation protocol should not give the sender of a message an advantage over the receiver, or vice versa. We present a fair non-repudiation protocol that requires a trusted third party but attempts to minimize its involvement in the execution of the protocol. We draw particular attention to the nonstandard use of encryption in our(More)
Ideally, a measure of the security of a system should capture quantitatively the intuitive notion of 'the ability of the system to resist attack'. That is, it should be operational, reflecting the degree to which the system can be expected to remain free of security breaches under particular conditions of operation (including attack). Instead, current(More)
Fairness may be a desirable property of a non-repudiation service. Protocols can achieve fairness through the involvement of a trusted third party but the extent of the trusted third party's involvement can vary between protocols. Hence, one of the goals of designing an efficient non-repudiation protocol is to reduce the work load of the trusted third(More)
Abstract: The design of authentication protocols has proven to be surprisingly error-prone. We suggest that this is partly due to a language problem. The objectives of entity authentication are usually given in terms of human encounters while we actually implement message passing protocols. We propose various translations of the high-level objectives into a(More)
The ultimate purpose of a non-repudiation service is to resolve disputes about the occurrence or non-occurrence of a claimed event or action. Dispute resolution relies on the evidence held by the participants. This paper discusses types of non-repudiation evidence, elements of non-repudiation evidence and validity of non-repudiation evidence. We also(More)