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A longitudinal study was undertaken to determine the spread of naturally acquired Giardia and Cryptosporidium in dairy cattle in Western Australia. Samples were collected weekly from birth to weaning, and only calves that were sampled four or more times were included in the analysis. It was found that calves rapidly acquire infections with Cryptosporidium(More)
Diarrhoea is a major impediment to profitable sheep production in many countries as it predisposes animals to blowfly strike and contaminates wool and meat carcasses. While it is accepted that nematode parasites are a major cause of diarrhoea in grazing animals, less is known about what facets of the host-parasite relationship lead to diarrhoea and what the(More)
Sheep that are highly resistant to parasitic nematodes can suffer bad diarrhoea due to the inflammation associated with rejection of ingested larvae from pasture. We hypothesised that challenging parasite-resistant sheep indoors with nematode larvae would result in reduced faecal dry matter, and that faecal dry matter would be lowest in sheep challenged(More)
Immune-mediated scouring due to ingested parasite larvae is a major concern for sheep producers in Mediterranean climates. We investigated immune-mediated scouring in parasite-resistant Merino sheep in Australia. Forty-adult, parasite-resistant Merino rams were judged to be either susceptible or non-susceptible to immune-mediated scouring on the basis of(More)
A nested PCR that successfully detected Neospora caninum DNA in serum of cattle was used for investigation of selected abortion cases and in a study of healthy pregnant cows at an abattoir. N. caninum DNA was not detected in serum from antibody positive dams that aborted due to N. caninum, but was present in serum of some antibody negative dams that aborted(More)
The binding of 10 different lectins to the surface of trichostrongylid nematode eggs of sheep were investigated. Osage orange seed agglutinin bound to eggs from Haemonchus contortus, Ostertagia circumcincta and Trichostrongylus colubriformis, jack bean agglutinin to H. contortus and O. circumcincta eggs and peanut agglutinin to H. contortus eggs only.(More)
The success of cell seeded constructs for the repair of collagenous tissues may be improved by the use of mechanical stimulation in vitro. A mechanical loading apparatus, termed the cell straining system, was developed according to a set of design criteria, to enable cell seeded constructs to be cyclically loaded in tension. A suitable cell seeded collagen(More)
A new monoclonal antibody (mAb), named 3.9, is described that is specific for the p150,95 molecule, a member of the LFA-1, CR3, p150,95 family of human leukocyte differentiation antigens. The LFA-1 molecule participates in a variety of T cell interactions and the CR3 molecule is the receptor for the complement component iC3b, but little is known about the(More)