Dieter Dörnemann

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Low methanol concentrations (about 0.5% v/v) induce biomass production in cultures of the unicellular green alga Scenedesmus obliquus by more than 300%, compared to controls without this solvent. This effect on the microalgal growth was found to be dependent on the solvent concentration, the packed cell volume (PCV), light intensity and light quality. It(More)
Considerably low methanol concentrations of 0.5% (v/v), induce an immense increase in biomass production in cultures of the unicellular green alga Scenedesmus obliquus compared to controls without additional methanol. The effect is light-regulated and it mimics high-CO2 induced changes of the molecular structure and function of the photosynthetic apparatus.(More)
Environmental factors are known to influence strongly the accumulation of secondary metabolites in plant tissues. In a previous paper, we studied the contents of (pseudo)hypericin and its immediate precursors in wild populations of various HYPERICUM species on the island of Crete, Greece, in dependence on their developmental stage. In this study, we(More)
The formation of 5-aminolaevulinic acid for chlorophyll biosynthesis in the pigment mutant C-2A' of the unicellular green alga Scenedesmus obliquus occurs via two pathways: the first and major pathway uses glycine and succinyl-CoA as precursors and the second, the C-5 pathway, uses the intact five C-atom skeleton of either glutamate or 2-oxoglutarate. The(More)
5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is a heme precursor that accumulates in acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) due to enzymatic deficiencies in the heme biosynthetic pathway Its accumulation has been associated with several symptoms, such as abdominal pain attacks, neuromuscular weaknesses, neuropsychiatric alterations and increased hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)(More)
In the yellow mutant C-2A' of the unicellular green alga Scenedesmus obliquus the participation of an RNA species in the conversion of glutamate to 5-aminolevulinate is clearly demonstrated by the fact that RNAase treatment of a soluble enzyme preparation drastically decreases the formation of 5-aminolevulinate. The involvement of 4,5-dioxovalerate in the(More)
Cellular accumulation of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), the first specific intermediate of heme biosynthesis, is correlated in liver biopsy samples of acute intermittent porphyria affected patients with an increase in the occurrence of hepatic cancers and the formation of ferritin deposits in hepatocytes. 5-Aminolevulinic acid is able to undergo enolization(More)
5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is a heme precursor that accumulates in lead poisoning and inborn porphyrias. It has been shown to produce reactive oxygen species upon metal-catalyzed aerobic oxidation and to cause oxidative damage to proteins, liposomes, DNA, and subcellular structures. Studies have also shown that ALA may condense to yield the cyclic product(More)
Phosphoserine aminotransferase (EC 2.6.1.52), an enzyme of the "phosphorylated pathway" leading to the formation of serine, was purified from Scenedesmus obliquus, mutant C-2 A'. Purification started from the soluble supernatant of a crude cell homogenate and included different affinity and DEAE chromatographic techniques, as well as gel filtration. The(More)