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The signature of (60)Fe in deep-sea crusts indicates that one or more supernovae exploded in the solar neighbourhood about 2.2 million years ago. Recent isotopic analysis is consistent with a core-collapse or electron-capture supernova that occurred 60 to 130 parsecs from the Sun. Moreover, peculiarities in the cosmic ray spectrum point to a nearby(More)
We investigate efficiency and time dependence of metal enrichment processes in the Intra-Cluster Medium (ICM). In this presentation we concentrate on the effects of galactic winds. The mass loss rates due to galactic winds are calculated with a special algorithm, which takes into account cosmic rays and magnetic fields. This algorithm is embedded in a(More)
Context. In a previous paper (Paper I) we showed that multi-phase gaseous halos of late-type spiral galaxies, detected in the radio continuum, in Hα, and in X-rays, are remarkably well correlated regarding their morphology and spatial extent. Aims. In this work we present new results from a statistical analysis in order to specify and quantify these(More)
The rôle of matter circulation between the disk and halo in establishing the volume filling factors of the different ISM phases in the Galactic disk (|z| ≤ 250 pc) is investigated, using a modified version of the three-dimensional supernova-driven ISM model of Avillez (2000). We carried out adaptive mesh refinement simulations of the ISM with five supernova(More)
In star forming disk galaxies, matter circulation between stars and the interstellar gas, and, in particular the energy input by random and clustered supernova explosions, determine the dynamical and chemical evolution of the ISM, and hence of the galaxy as a whole. Using a 3D MHD code with adaptive mesh refinement developed for this purpose, we have(More)
The development of galactic fountain theories is reviewed with special emphasis on the different approaches and concepts that have been used in the past. In particular the outstanding contribution of Franz Kahn to our physical understanding is appreciated. It is argued that galactic outflows represent an essential phase during galaxy evolution. The dynamics(More)
We study, by means of adaptive mesh refinement hydro-and magnetohydrodynamical simulations that cover a wide range of scales (from kpc to sub-parsec), the dimension of the most dissipative structures and the injection scale of the turbulent interstellar gas, which we find to be about 75 pc, in agreement with observations. This is however smaller than the(More)
It is shown that a number of key observations of the Galactic ISM can be understood, if it is treated as a highly compressible and turbulent medium, energized predominantly by supernova explosions (and stellar winds). We have performed extensive numerical high resolution 3D hydrodynamical and magnetohydrodynamical simulations with adaptive mesh refinement(More)