Dieter Brömme

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Cathepsin O2, a human cysteine protease predominantly present in osteoclasts, has been functionally expressed in Spodoptera frugiperda Sf9 cells using the Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus. Following in vitro activation at pH 4.0 with pepsin, active enzyme with an apparent molecular weight of 29,000 was obtained. N-terminal sequencing(More)
Cathepsin K (EC 3.4.22.38) is a recently described enzyme that has been shown to cleave type I collagen in its triple helix. The aim of this study was to determine if it also cleaves type II collagen in the triple helix and to identify the helical cleavage site(s) in types I and II collagens. Soluble human and bovine type II collagen, and rat type I(More)
Destruction of li by proteolysis is required for MHC class II molecules to bind antigenic peptides, and for transport of the resulting complexes to the cell surface. The cysteine protease cathepsin S is highly expressed in spleen, lymphocytes, monocytes, and other class II-positive cells, and is inducible with interferon-gamma. Specific inhibition of(More)
Cathepsin V, a thymus and testis-specific human cysteine protease, was expressed in Pichia pastoris, and its physicokinetic properties were determined. Recombinant procathepsin V is autocatalytically activated at acidic pH and is effectively inhibited by various cysteine protease class-specific inhibitors. The S2P2 subsite specificity of cathepsin V was(More)
Cysteine cathepsins (11 in humans) are mostly located in the acidic compartments of cells. They have been known for decades to be involved in intracellular protein degradation as housekeeping proteases. However, the discovery of new cathepsins, including cathepsins K, V and F, has provided strong evidence that they also participate in specific biological(More)
The substrate specificities of papain-like cysteine proteases (clan CA, family C1) papain, bromelain, and human cathepsins L, V, K, S, F, B, and five proteases of parasitic origin were studied using a completely diversified positional scanning synthetic combinatorial library. A bifunctional coumarin fluorophore was used that facilitated synthesis of the(More)
Cathepsin K is the predominant cysteine protease in osteoclast-mediated bone remodeling, and the protease is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of diseases with excessive bone and cartilage resorption. Osteoclastic matrix degradation occurs in the extracellular resorption lacuna and upon phagocytosis within the cell's lysosomal-endosomal(More)
Cathepsin K, a lysosomal papain-like cysteine protease, forms collagenolytically highly active complexes with chondroitin sulfate and represents the most potent mammalian collagenase. Here we demonstrate that complex formation with glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) is unique for cathepsin K among human papain-like cysteine proteases and that different GAGs compete(More)
A cDNA for a novel human papain-like cysteine protease, designated cathepsin F, has been cloned from a lambdagt10-skeletal muscle cDNA library. The nucleotide sequence encoded a polypeptide of 302 amino acids composed of an 88-residue propeptide and a 214-residue mature protein. Protein sequence comparisons revealed 58% homology with cathepsin W; about(More)