Dieter Appelt

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Levels of vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF) are regulated in a complex network of adipokines, glucose control, and low grade inflammation together with activated platelets, leucocytes, and endothelial dysfunction. Increased levels of VEGF are associated with enhanced angiogenesis and impaired repair mechanisms of vascular lesions in endorgans.(More)
High levels of fetuin-A has been linked to cardiovascular disease, possibly via modulating low-grade systemic inflammation. We performed a subanalysis from the PIOSTAT study to investigate a possible link between fetuin-A and the inflammatory biomarker hs-CRP. 66 nondiabetic individuals at cardiovascular risk were randomized to either pioglitazone,(More)
Increased levels of systemic vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) in patients with diabetes are associated with increased risk of microvessel disease. On the other hand, low VEGF levels after intravitreal antibody application may be associated with acute cardiovascular complications and treatment failure. Individual levels of systemic VEGF vary in a(More)
An arterial ischemia was carried out step by step in the right pelvic extremity of the dog. The ph level was measured continuously in the lateral vastus of the femoris muscle on both sides by means of a glass-one-rod measuring equipment. The pH value decreased to 6.43 ninety minutes after a total interruption of the arterial circulation. The initial value(More)
The oxygen supply and the oxygen uptake of the ischemic skeletal muscle were defined in rest and by loading in experimental studies in dog. About 72% of the supplied arterial oxygen was taken up from the ischemic skeletal muscle in rest in opposite to 84.7% by loading. Therewith the authors found an essential higher value as supposed in literature so far.(More)
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