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AIMS Clinical observations in patients with long QT syndrome carrying sodium channel mutations (LQT3) suggest that bradycardia caused by parasympathetic stimulation may provoke torsades de pointes (TdP). Beta-adrenoceptor blockers appear less effective in LQT3 than in other forms of the disease. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied effects of autonomic(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with long QT syndrome (LQTS) are at increased risk not only for ventricular arrhythmias but also for atrial pathology including atrial fibrillation (AF). Some patients with "lone" AF carry Na(+)-channel mutations. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanisms underlying atrial pathology in LQTS. METHODS In mice(More)
Although numerous studies have reported the effects of genetic alterations on murine electrophysiology, the range of normal values for ventricular activation, repolarization, and arrhythmias in mouse hearts is not known. We analyzed right ventricular (RV), left ventricular (LV), and septal activation times, monophasic action potential durations (APD), and(More)
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