Diego Zaquera Carvalho

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BACKGROUND There is limited data on chronic insomnia in Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) veterans, in whom post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) often co-exist. Our aim was to compare sleep characteristics of three groups of OEF/OIF veterans: (1) healthy sleepers (HS), (2) those with(More)
Sleep spindles are considered as a marker of integrity for thalamo-cortical circuits. Recently, attention has been given to internal frequency variation in sleep spindles. In this study, a procedure based on matching pursuit with a Gabor-chirplet dictionary was applied in order to measure chirp rate in atoms representing sleep spindles, also categorized(More)
Sleep spindles, as detected on scalp electroencephalography (EEG), are considered to be markers of thalamo-cortical network integrity. Since obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a known cause of brain dysfunction, the aim of this study was to investigate sleep spindle frequency distribution in OSA. Seven non-OSA subjects and 21 patients with OSA (11 mild and 10(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the high prevalence of insomnia in veterans with epilepsy, it remains understudied. Our aim was to identify the associations of insomnia with epilepsy, comorbidities, and treatment-related variables in South Florida veterans. METHODS We performed a cross-sectional analysis of veterans attending an epilepsy clinic over 18 months.(More)
OBJECTIVE Sleep spindles have been suggested as surrogates of thalamo-cortical activity. Internal frequency modulation within a spindle's time frame has been demonstrated in healthy subjects, showing that spindles tend to decelerate their frequency before termination. We investigated internal frequency modulation of slow and fast spindles according to(More)
OBJECTIVES Sleep EEG spectral patterns were investigated in eight newly diagnosed, non-depressed, non-demented, drug-naïve Parkinson's disease patients compared to nine controls. METHODS Mean relative spectral power density calculated for 0.25 Hz frequency bins and for classical EEG frequency bands. RESULTS Differences between patients and controls were(More)
Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and fatigue increases with age. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between EDS and fatigue with cortical thickness and hippocampal volume in cognitively normal, late middle-aged and older adults. We performed a cross-sectional observational study of 1374 cognitively-normal subjects aged 50 years and(More)
Calcium-binding protein B (S100B), a primary product of astrocytes, is a proposed marker of Parkinson's Disease (PD) pathophysiology, diagnosis and progression. However, it has also been implicated in sleep disruption, which is very common in PD. To explore the relationship between S100B, disease severity, sleep symptoms and polysomnography (PSG) findings,(More)
OBJECTIVE Impaired inferior vena cava (IVC) outflow can lead to collateralization of blood to the valveless epidural venous plexus, causing epidural venous engorgement and venous congestion. Herein we describe a case of chronic IVC thrombosis presenting as venous congestive myelopathy treated with angioplasty and endovascular stenting. The(More)
As opposed to finger flexion response upon tapping the styloid process with absent brachioradialis reflex (inverted brachioradialis reflex), toe flexion response upon patellar percussion with absent quadriceps reflex is a quite underrecognized neurological sign, and has been reported only once in the literature. Similar to the inverted brachioradialis(More)
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