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The underwater acoustic field is an important ecological element for many aquatic animals. This research examines the soundscape of a critically endangered Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin population in the shallow water environment off the west coast of Taiwan. Underwater acoustic recordings were conducted between late spring and late fall in 2012 at Yunlin(More)
OBJECTIVES Our objectives were to develop a new, efficient, and easy-to-administer approach to ultrasound elastography and assess its ability to provide quantitative characterization of viscoelastic properties of skeletal muscle in an outpatient clinical environment. We sought to show its validity and clinical utility in assessing myofascial trigger points,(More)
Myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) are palpable, tender nodules in taut bands of skeletal muscle that are painful on compression. MTrPs are characteristic findings in myofascial pain syndrome (MPS). The role of MTrPs in the pathophysiology of MPS is unknown. Localization, diagnosis, and clinical outcome measures of painful MTrPs can be improved by(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether standard evaluations of pain distinguish subjects with no pain from those with myofascial pain syndromes (MPS) and active myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) and to assess whether self-reports of mood, function, and health-related quality of life differ between these groups. DESIGN A prospective, descriptive study. SETTING(More)
A set of equations has been derived which corresponds to the time domain formulation of the equivalent fluid model. It models the propagation of an acoustic pulse in rigid frame porous material accounting for both viscous and thermal effects. It has been shown analytically and confirmed numerically that the equations can be reduced to those published(More)
Myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) are palpable, tender nodules in skeletal muscle that produce symptomatic referred pain when palpated. MTrPs are characteristic findings in myofascial pain syndrome (MPS). The role of MTrPs in the pathophysiology of MPS is unknown. Objective characterization and quantitative measurement of the properties of MTrPs can improve(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare a mechanical heterogeneity index derived from ultrasound vibration elastography with physical findings before and after dry-needling treatment of spontaneously painful active myofascial trigger points in the upper trapezius muscle. METHODS Forty-eight patients with chronic myofascial pain enrolled in a prospective interventional(More)
It has been shown in the earlier work of Umnova et al. [Noise Control Eng. 50, 204-210 (2002)] that interaction of a relatively long, high amplitude acoustic pulse with a rigid porous material can be accurately described accounting for the Forchheimer nonlinearity. In the present study, the goal is to determine whether the accuracy of the modeling can be(More)
Offshore oil and gas exploration using seismic airguns generates intense underwater pulses that could cause marine mammal hearing impairment and/or behavioral disturbances. However, few studies have investigated the resulting multipath propagation and reverberation from airgun pulses. This research uses continuous acoustic recordings collected in the Arctic(More)
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