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The mouse CD8alpha+ DC subset excels at cross-presentation of antigen, which can elicit robust CTL responses. A receptor allowing specific antigen targeting to this subset and its equivalent in humans would therefore be useful for the induction of antitumor CTLs. Here, we have characterized a C-type lectin of the NK cell receptor group that we named DC, NK(More)
Heme is an ancient and ubiquitous molecule present in organisms of all kingdoms, composed of an atom of iron linked to four ligand groups of porphyrin. A high amount of free heme, a potential amplifier of the inflammatory response, is a characteristic feature of diseases with increased hemolysis or extensive cell damage. Here we demonstrate that heme, but(More)
Infectious diseases that cause hemolysis are among the most threatening human diseases, because of severity and/or global distribution. In these conditions, hemeproteins and heme are released, but whether heme affects the inflammatory response to microorganism molecules remains to be characterized. Here, we show that heme increased the lethality and(More)
Myeloid cells express a plethora of C-type lectin receptors (CLRs) that can regulate immune responses. CLEC-2 belongs to the Dectin-1 sub-family of CLRs that possess an extracellular C-type lectin-like domain and a single intracellular hemITAM motif. CLEC-2 is highly expressed on mouse and human platelets where it signals via Syk to promote aggregation. We(More)
CLEC-2 is a member of the "dectin-1 cluster" of C-type lectin-like receptors and was originally thought to be restricted to platelets. In this study, we demonstrate that murine CLEC-2 is also expressed by peripheral blood neutrophils, but only weakly by bone marrow or elicited inflammatory neutrophils. On circulating neutrophils, CLEC-2 can mediate(More)
The C-type lectin receptor CLEC-2 signals through a pathway that is critically dependent on the tyrosine kinase Syk. We show that homozygous loss of either protein results in defects in brain vascular and lymphatic development, lung inflation, and perinatal lethality. Furthermore, we find that conditional deletion of Syk in the hematopoietic lineage, or(More)
After immunogenic challenge, infiltrating and dividing lymphocytes markedly increase lymph node cellularity, leading to organ expansion. Here we report that the physical elasticity of lymph nodes is maintained in part by podoplanin (PDPN) signalling in stromal fibroblastic reticular cells (FRCs) and its modulation by CLEC-2 expressed on dendritic cells. We(More)
The C-type lectin-like receptor CLEC-2 signals via phosphorylation of a single cytoplasmic YXXL sequence known as a hem-immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (hemITAM). In this study, we show that phosphorylation of CLEC-2 by the snake toxin rhodocytin is abolished in the absence of the tyrosine kinase Syk but is not altered in the absence of the(More)
Can the innate immune system detect and respond to microbial viability? Using bacteria as a model, we found that indeed the very essence of microbial infectivity, viability itself, can be detected, and notably, in the absence of the activity of virulence factors. The microbial molecule that serves as the signature of viability is bacterial messenger RNA(More)