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Adaptation to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress depends on the activation of an integrated signal transduction pathway known as the unfolded protein response (UPR). Bax inhibitor-1 (BI-1) is an evolutionarily conserved ER-resident protein that suppresses cell death. Here we have investigated the role of BI-1 in the UPR. BI-1 expression suppressed IRE1alpha(More)
Diego A Rodriguez, Sebastian Zamorano, Fernanda Lisbona, Diego Rojas-Rivera, Hery Urra, Juan R Cubillos-Ruiz, Ricardo Armisen, Daniel R Henriquez, Emily H Cheng, Michal Letek, Tomas Vaisar, Thergiory Irrazabal, Christian Gonzalez-Billault, Anthony Letai, Felipe X PimentelMuiños, Guido Kroemer and Claudio Hetz* Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Center for(More)
The assembling of distinct signaling protein complexes at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane controls several stress responses related to calcium homeostasis, autophagy, ER morphogenesis and protein folding. Diverse pathological conditions interfere with the function of the ER altering protein folding, a condition known as "ER stress". Adaptation to ER(More)
Transmembrane BAX inhibitor motif-containing (TMBIM)-6, also known as BAX-inhibitor 1 (BI-1), is an anti-apoptotic protein that belongs to a putative family of highly conserved and poorly characterized genes. Here we report the function of TMBIM3/GRINA in the control of cell death by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Tmbim3 mRNA levels are strongly(More)
Increased demand on the protein folding capacity of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) engages an adaptive reaction known as the unfolded protein response (UPR). The UPR regulates protein translation and the expression of numerous target genes that contribute to restore ER homeostasis or induce apoptosis of irreversibly damaged cells. UPR signaling is highly(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is a common feature of several physiological and pathological conditions affecting the function of the secretory pathway. To restore ER homeostasis, an orchestrated signaling pathway is engaged that is known as the unfolded protein response (UPR). The UPR has a primary function in stress adaptation and cell survival;(More)
Pharmacological activation of autophagy is becoming an attractive strategy to induce the selective degradation of aggregate-prone proteins. Recent evidence also suggests that autophagy impairment may underlie the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative diseases. Mutations in the gene encoding SOD1 (superoxide disumutase 1) trigger familial amyotrophic(More)
Cells have developed compensatory mechanisms to restore cell volume, and the ability to resist osmotic swelling or shrinkage parallels their resistance to necrosis or apoptosis. There are several mechanisms by which cells adapt to hyposmotic stress including that of regulatory volume decrease. In ischemia and reperfusion, cardiomyocytes are exposed to(More)
The disruption of the energy or nutrient balance triggers endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, a process that mobilizes various strategies, collectively called the unfolded protein response (UPR), which reestablish homeostasis of the ER and cell. Activation of the UPR stress sensor IRE1α (inositol-requiring enzyme 1α) stimulates its endoribonuclease activity,(More)