Diego M. Cecchini

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BACKGROUND Nocardiosis is a bacterial disease that occurs in immunocompromised patients, including those infected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). METHODS We retrospectively analyzed the clinical records of 27 HIV-positive patients with nocardiosis seen during the period of 1993 to 2004. Clinical presentations, diagnostic methods, predominant(More)
We performed a retrospective comparison of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) characteristics and drug susceptibility profile in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected and non-infected patients with a diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis. HIV-infected patients had a higher frequency of non-inflammatory CSF (absence of pleocytosis) and of infection by(More)
The objective of this study was to identify prognostic factors of death in patients with tuberculous meningitis (TM) and show the impact of infection by multidrug-resistant strains on the outcome of this disease. We retrospectively analysed clinical charts of HIV-infected patients with culture-confirmed TM attending our institution during 1996-2004. The(More)
Treatment engagement, retention and adherence to care are required for optimal HIV outcomes. Yet, patients may fall below the treatment recommendations for achieving undetectable viral load or not be retained in care. This study examined the most challenging patients in Buenos Aires, Argentina, those non-adherent to HIV care. Men (n = 61) and women (n = 59)(More)
Many HIV-infected patients fail to achieve undetectable viral load and are not retained in care. This pilot study examined patients lost to care in public and private clinics in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The impact of patient and provider interventions was compared separately and collectively. In Phase 1, participants prescribed antiretrovirals and(More)
BACKGROUND The central nervous system is considered a sanctuary site for HIV-1 replication. Variables associated with HIV cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) viral load in the context of opportunistic CNS infections are poorly understood. Our objective was to evaluate the relation between: (1) CSF HIV-1 viral load and CSF cytological and biochemical characteristics(More)
Herpes zoster (HZ) is a public health problem worldwide. Although, there is paucity of data of this disease from South American countries. The objective of this study was to evaluate clinical and epidemiological aspects of HZ in a population of patients from South America. We underwent a retrospective analysis of clinical charts of an infectious diseases(More)
INTRODUCTION Surveillance of primary resistance to antiretroviral drugs is particularly important in pregnant population, in which infection by drug-resistant HIV has not only implications for maternal treatment, but could also jeopardize the efficacy of neonatal prophylaxis. We aim to describe the prevalence of resistance associated mutations (RAMs) in(More)
Surveillance of primary drug resistance is critical to optimize antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV. Mutations to be monitored are defined in a reference list of the World Health Organization (WHO), which does not include mutations for new drugs, such as rilpivirine. We undertook a retrospective analysis of medical records of ART naive patients treated at(More)