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The TrkB receptor tyrosine kinase and its ligand, BDNF, have an essential role in certain forms of synaptic plasticity. However, the downstream pathways required to mediate these functions are unknown. We have studied mice with a targeted mutation in either the Shc or the phospholipase Cgamma (PLCgamma) docking sites of TrkB (trkB(SHC/SHC) and trkB(PLC/PLC)(More)
Autophagy is a cellular catabolic process that relies on the cooperation of autophagosomes and lysosomes. During starvation, the cell expands both compartments to enhance degradation processes. We found that starvation activates a transcriptional program that controls major steps of the autophagic pathway, including autophagosome formation,(More)
The generation of complex neuronal structures, such as the neocortex, requires accurate positioning of neurons and glia within the structure, followed by differentiation, formation of neuronal connections, and myelination. To understand the importance of TrkB signaling during these events, we have used conditional and knockin mutagenesis of the TrkB(More)
The lysosome plays a key role in cellular homeostasis by controlling both cellular clearance and energy production to respond to environmental cues. However, the mechanisms mediating lysosomal adaptation are largely unknown. Here, we show that the Transcription Factor EB (TFEB), a master regulator of lysosomal biogenesis, colocalizes with master growth(More)
Most lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) are caused by deficiencies of lysosomal hydrolases. While LSDs were among the first inherited diseases for which the underlying biochemical defects were identified, the mechanisms from enzyme deficiency to cell death are poorly understood. Here we show that lysosomal storage impairs autophagic delivery of bulk(More)
This review is focused on the most recent knowledge on growth control of rat thyroid cell lines. We analyzed the effect of mitogenic as well as inhibitory agents, but mainly the proliferative effect elicited by thyrotropin (TSH). The classic cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) signal transduction pathway involved in TSH-mediated cell growth is analyzed(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in densities and in the morphology of dendritic spines in the hippocampus are linked to hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), spatial learning, and depression. Decreased brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels seem to contribute to depression. Through its receptor trkB, BDNF is also involved in hippocampal LTP and(More)
The view of the lysosome as the terminal end of cellular catabolic pathways has been challenged by recent studies showing a central role of this organelle in the control of cell function. Here we show that a lysosomal Ca2+ signalling mechanism controls the activities of the phosphatase calcineurin and of its substrate ​TFEB, a master transcriptional(More)
INTRODUCTION Descompressive craniectomy (DC) for treatment of malignant infarction of the middle cerebral artery (MIMCA) reduces mortality and increases the probability of favourable outcome. AIM To present the experience in daily practice after implantation of a clinical protocol of DC. PATIENTS AND METHODS Prospective register of patients with MIMCA(More)
Recent studies of autophagic and lysosomal pathways have significantly changed our understanding of lysosomes; once thought to be simple degradative and recycling centers, lysosomes are now known to be organelles capable of influencing signal transduction, via the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1), and regulating gene expression, via(More)