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Dipeptidyl peptidase I (DPPI) is the sole activator in vivo of several granule-associated serine proteases of cytotoxic lymphocytes. In vitro, DPPI also activates mast cell chymases and tryptases. To determine whether DPPI is essential for their activation in vivo, we used enzyme histochemical and immunohistochemical approaches and solution-based activity(More)
BACKGROUND Asthmatics with aspirin- (ASA) sensitive respiratory disease (ASRD) have a spectrum of respiratory reactions during oral ASA challenge that vary in severity and are temporally associated with leukotriene (LT) formation. OBJECTIVE This study investigates the relationship of the severity of ASA-induced respiratory reactions to urinary LTE(4)(More)
BACKGROUND Human alpha- and beta-tryptases are proteases secreted by mast cells. Beta (but not alpha) tryptases are implicated in asthma. Genes encoding both types of tryptases cluster on chromosome 16p13.3. OBJECTIVE This study examines the hypothesis, generated from mapping data, that alpha-alleles compete with some beta-alleles at one locus and that an(More)
BACKGROUND Bcl-2 is an essential regulator of programmed cell death (PCD). Overexpression of Bcl-2 is common in pancreatic cancer; the high levels have been shown to correlate with resistance to PCD. This resistance is mediated by binding of Bcl-2 via its BH-3 domain to diverse proteins, including the Bax/Bak family members, various protein kinases, and(More)
BACKGROUND Isolated limb infusion (ILI) with melphalan is a minimally invasive, effective treatment for in transit melanoma. We hypothesized that burden of disease (BOD) would correlate to treatment response. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed a prospectively collected database from two academic centers. BOD was stratified as high or low (low ≤ 10(More)
Human alpha-chymase is an efficient angiotensin (AT) converting enzyme, selectively hydrolyzing AT I at Phe8 to generate bioactive AT II, which can promote cardiac hypertrophy, vascular stenosis, and hypertension. Some related enzymes, such as rat beta-chymase 1, are much less selective, destroying AT by cleaving at Tyr4. Comparisons of chymase structure(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM The Akt signaling pathway mediates a potent anti-apoptotic signal in pancreatic cancer and inhibition of this pathway has become an attractive mechanism to increase the efficacy of traditional chemotherapies. Autophagy is a lysosomal catabolic pathway by which eukaryotic cells recycle macromolecules and organelles. Although autophagy may(More)
UNLABELLED The PI3K/Akt signaling pathway is constitutively activated in some pancreatic cancers; when activated, it inhibits chemotherapy-mediated apoptosis. We examined whether Akt activity correlates with apoptotic resistance to chemotherapy in pancreatic cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS A panel of human pancreatic cancer cells was evaluated for basal Akt(More)
BACKGROUND Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma has proven to be one of the most chemo-resistant among all solid organ malignancies. Several mechanisms of resistance have been described, though few reports of strategies to overcome this chemo-resistance have been successful in restoring sensitivity to the primary chemotherapy (gemcitabine) and enter the(More)
Liver dysfunction is a prominent entity in Western medicine that has historically affected patients suffering from chronic viral or alcoholic hepatitis. The incidence of these conditions has not changed dramatically in recent years but the overall number of patients with liver dysfunction has increased considerably with the emergence of the obesity(More)
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