Diego Ingrosso

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Using two specific and sensitive fluorometric/HPLC methods and a GC-MS method, alone and in combination with D-aspartate oxidase, we have demonstrated for the first time that N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), in addition to D-aspartate (D-Asp), is endogenously present as a natural molecule in rat nervous system and endocrine glands. Both of these amino acids are(More)
A widely distributed protein methyltransferase catalyzes the transfer of a methyl group from S-adenosyl-methionine to the free carboxyl groups of D-aspartyl and/or L-isoaspartyl derivatives of L-aspartyl and L-asparaginyl residues. This enzyme has been postulated to function in the repair or the catabolism of age-damaged proteins. We present here the(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperhomocysteinaemia occurs in several genetically determined and acquired disorders and is highly prevalent in patients with uraemia. In these disorders, homocysteine precursor S-adenosylhomocysteine, a powerful competitive inhibitor of S-adenosylmethionine-dependent methyltransferases, is increased, suggesting unbalanced methylation. We aimed(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia, an independent cardiovascular risk factor, is present in the majority of hemodialysis patients. Among the postulated mechanisms of toxicity, protein homocysteinylation is potentially able to cause significant alterations in protein function. Protein homocysteinylation occurs through various mechanisms, among which is the(More)
The factors and mechanisms implicated in the development of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related steatosis are unknown. Hyperhomocysteinemia causes steatosis, and the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism induces hyperhomocysteinemia. We investigated the role of these factors in the development of HCV-related steatosis and in the(More)
BACKGROUND In chronic hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism, pathological modifications of bone and mineral metabolism increase the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Parathyroidectomy, reducing the incidence of cardiovascular events, may improve outcomes; however, its effects on long-term survival are still subject of active(More)
SUMMARY (A) A reduced activity of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP), a key enzyme of assembly/secretion of lipoproteins, is related to HCV steatosis. Host genetic background may influence development of steatosis. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between MTP-493 G/T gene polymorphism, fat liver accumulation and fibrosis(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in the general population. In chronic renal failure (CRF), plasma homocysteine levels rise when the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is reduced 50%, and in uremia the majority of patients are hyperhomocysteinemic. The purpose of this study was to review possible mechanisms of homocysteine(More)
Protein-L-isoaspartate (D-aspartate) O-methyltransferase (PCMT; EC 2. 1.1.77) catalyses the methyl esterification of the free alpha-carboxyl group of abnormal L-isoaspartyl residues, which occur spontaneously in protein and peptide substrates as a consequence of molecular ageing. The biological function of this transmethylation reaction is related to the(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW This review focuses on recent findings (June 2002-July 2003) on the topic of homocysteine, a sulfur amino acid associated with cardiovascular disease, and its metabolism in renal failure, a condition with a high prevalence of both hyperhomocysteinemia and cardiovascular disease. RECENT FINDINGS A large meta-analysis of prospective(More)