Diego García-Gonzalo

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This study characterizes the antioxidant and antibacterial properties of a propolis-based dietary supplement (PDS) and investigates its incorporation into apple juice to decrease the intensity of the heat treatment required to inactivate 5 log10 cycles of Escherichia coli O157:H7. As the source of propolis, we used a PDS containing 0.2 mg/μL of propylene(More)
The production of microbiologically safe liquid whole egg (LWE) by industrial ultrapasteurization is restricted by the high thermal sensitivity of LWE components. This research proposes an alternative treatment based on the application of pulsed electric fields (PEF) and mild heat, in the presence of natural essential oils (EOs) or their individual(More)
BACKGROUND This study describes the antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of Laurus nobilis L. and Myrtus communis L. essential oils (EOs). This is the first report of the synergistic antimicrobial effect of these EOs in combination with physical food preservation treatments. RESULTS EOs obtained by steam distillation from aerial parts of Laurus nobilis(More)
AIMS To study the mechanism of bacterial inactivation by carvacrol and the influence of genetic and environmental factors in its antimicrobial activity. METHODS AND RESULTS In general, bacterial inactivation by carvacrol was higher in the Gram-positive Listeria monocytogenes than in the Gram-negative Escherichia coli and at acidic pH. At pH 4.0, 25 μl(More)
Inactivation and sublethal injury of Escherichia coli O157:H7 cells induced by heat in citrate phosphate buffer and apple juice (both at pH 3.8) were studied, and the effect of a combined preservation treatment using citral and heat treatments was determined. Heat resistance of E. coli O157:H7 was similar in both treatment media; after 27 min at 54°C, 3 log(More)
(+)-limonene is a lipophilic antimicrobial compound, extracted from citrus fruits' essential oils, that is used as a flavouring agent and organic solvent by the food industry. A recent study has proposed a common and controversial mechanism of cell death for bactericidal antibiotics, in which hydroxyl radicals ultimately inactivated cells. Our objective was(More)
This work addresses the inactivation achieved with Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Listeria monocytogenes EGD-e by combined processes of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) and essential oils (EOs) or their chemical constituents (CCs). HHP treatments (175-400 MPa for 20 min) were combined with 200 μL/L of each EO (Citrus sinensis L., Citrus lemon L., Citrus(More)
Biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus represents a problem in both the medical field and the food industry, because the biofilm structure provides protection to embedded cells and it strongly attaches to surfaces. This circumstance is leading to many research programs seeking new alternatives to control biofilm formation by this pathogen. In this study(More)
This work approaches the possibility of combining mild heat treatments with citrus fruit essential oils (EOs) to improve the effectiveness of heat treatments and thus to reduce treatment intensity. Concentrations between 10 and 200 μL/L of lemon, mandarin, or orange EO were tested at 54 °C for 10 min in laboratory media, determining that 200 μL/L of each EO(More)
This work explores the bactericidal effect of (+)-limonene, the major constituent of citrus fruits' essential oils, against E. coli. The degree of E. coli BJ4 inactivation achieved by (+)-limonene was influenced by the pH of the treatment medium, being more bactericidal at pH 4.0 than at pH 7.0. Deletion of rpoS and exposure to a sub-lethal heat or an acid(More)