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Leptin is an adipokine involved in body weight and food intake regulation whose promoter region presents CpG islands that could be subject to dynamic methylation. This methylation process could be affected by environmental (e.g. diet) or endogenous (e.g., adipocyte differentiation, inflammation, hypoxia) factors, and could influence adipocyte leptin gene(More)
It has been reported that apelin functions as an adipokine, which has been associated to obesity and insulin resistance. The objective of this study was to analyze the apelin mRNA expression in white adipose tissue (WAT) from high-fat (Cafeteria) fed rats, in order to examine potential relationships with obesity markers and other related risk factors.(More)
Chronic mild stress (CMS) has been often associated to the pathogenesis of many diseases including obesity. Indeed, visceral obesity has been linked to the development of metabolic syndrome features and constitutes a serious risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. In order to study possible mechanistic relationships between stress and the(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of dietary macronutrient content on adiposity parameters and adipocyte hypertrophy/hyperplasia in subcutaneous and visceral fat depots from Wistar rats using combined histological and computational approaches. For this purpose, male Wistar rats were distributed into 4 groups and were assigned to different(More)
The expression of some genes controlling energy homeostasis could be regulated by epigenetic mechanisms that may play a role in body weight regulation. Thus, it is known that various nutritional factors affect DNA methylation. In order to assess whether the macronutrient composition of the diet could be related to the epigenetic regulation of gene(More)
Experimental studies have demonstrated that dietary macronutrient distribution plays an important role in insulin regulation, a risk factor associated to obesity, diabetes and other metabolic disorders. To assess whether the macronutrient composition of the diet could be related to obesity onset by affecting the epigenetic regulation of gene expression, we(More)
Antioxidant-based treatments are emerging as an interesting approach to possibly counteract obesity fat accumulation complications, since this is accompanied by an increased systemic oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to analyze specific metabolic effects of vitamin C (VC) on epididymal primary rat adipocytes. Cells were isolated and incubated for(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease of complex aetiology. Several microRNAs (miR) have been linked to the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. To analyze the possible association of miR-22 and miR-150 with autoimmunity and clinical severity of T1D. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study was performed in peripheral blood(More)
Thrombospondin 1 (TSP-1), an antiangiogenic factor and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β activity regulator, has been recently recognized as an adipokine that correlates with obesity, inflammation and insulin resistance processes. In the present study, epididymal adipocytes of rats that were fed a chow or a high-fat diet (HFD) for 50 days were isolated and(More)
AIM To analyse the effects of vitamin C (VC), a potent dietary antioxidant, oral supplementation on body weight gain, behavioural activity, lipolytic response and glucocorticoid metabolism in the early stages of diet-induced overweight in rats. METHODS Food intake, locomotive activity and faecal corticosterone were assessed during the 14 day trial period.(More)