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Ascertaining when and where genes are expressed is of crucial importance to understanding or predicting the physiological role of genes and proteins and how they interact to form the complex networks that underlie organ development and function. It is, therefore, crucial to determine on a genome-wide level, the spatio-temporal gene expression profiles at(More)
The diencephalon is a central area of the vertebrate developing brain, where the thalamic nuclear complex, the pretectum and the anterior tegmental structures are generated. It has been subdivided into prosomeres, which are transversal domains defined by morphological and molecular criteria. The zona limitans intrathalamica is a central boundary in the(More)
Midbrain neurons synthesizing the neurotransmitter dopamine play a central role in the modulation of different brain functions and are associated with major neurological and psychiatric disorders. Despite the importance of these cells, the molecular mechanisms controlling their development are still poorly understood. The secreted glycoprotein Wnt1 is(More)
Historically, the molecular and cellular mechanisms of cerebellar development were investigated through structural descriptions and studying spontaneous mutations in animal models and humans. Advances in experimental embryology, genetic engineering, and neuroimaging techniques render today the possibility to approach the analysis of molecular mechanisms(More)
The vertebrate Central Nervous System (CNS) originates from the embryonic dorsal ectoderm. Differentiation of the neural epithelium from the ectoderm and the formation of the neural plate constitute the first phase of a complex process called neurulation which culminates in the formation of the neural tube, the anlage of the CNS in sauropsids and mammals(More)
Prospective midbrain and cerebellum formation are coordinated by FGF ligands produced by the isthmic organizer. Previous studies have suggested that midbrain and cerebellum development require different levels of FGF signaling. However, little is known about the extent to which specific regions within these two parts of the brain differ in their requirement(More)
In vertebrates, elaborate cellular interactions regulate the establishment of the complex structural pattern of the developing central nervous system. Distinct neural and glial identities are acquired by neuroepithelial cells, through progressive restriction of histogenetic potential under the influence of local environmental signals. The localization of(More)
Basal tearing is crucial to maintaining ocular surface wetness. Corneal cold thermoreceptors sense small oscillations in ambient temperature and change their discharge accordingly. Deletion of the cold-transducing ion channel Transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M member 8 (TRPM8) in mice abrogates cold responsiveness and reduces basal(More)
The relation between the role of the organizer at the gastrula stage and the activity of earlier signals in the specification, maintenance, and regionalization of the developing brain anlage is still controversial. Mouse embryos homozygous for null mutation in the cripto gene die at about 9.0 days postcoitum (d.p.c.) and fail to gastrulate and to form the(More)
We report here the full-length sequence identification, molecular characterization, detailed demarcation expression analysis relevant to morphological marker genes and mapping of a bHLH transcription gene, referred to as Megane (Mgn). Mgn protein is structurally related to the neurogenic Drosophila hairy and Enhancer of split (h/E(spl)) proteins. The unique(More)